Classification of Fragrance Ingredients



Perfumer's Organ


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Below are some ways fragrance ingredients can be classified.  I decided with my first book to list several thousand fragrance materials alphabetically by the common aroma name.  My second book lists fragrance houses alphabetically A - Z, and the same within each chapter or section.  The classification of materials is open for endless interpretation by anyone who study's the language and art.  Hope you will like the following.


Classification by Olfactory Note -


Natural Materials:


Rosy Note: Geranium, Otto Rose, Palmarosa, Rose Abs.


Spicy Note: Bay Leaf, Caraway, Cardamom, Carrot Seed, Cascarilla, Cassia, Celery, Cinnamon, Bark, Clove, Coriander, Cumin, Ginger, Mace, Marjoram, Nutmeg, Parsley, Pepper, Pimento, Shiso, Thyme.


Tobacco Note: Tobacco Absolute.


Woody Note: Amyris, Cedarwood, Guaiacwood, Oakmoss, Patchouli, Sandalwood, Treemoss, Vetiver.


Green & Fruity Note: Blackcurrant Buds Absolute, Galbanum.


Herbal & Aromatic Note: Chamomile Blue, Chamomile, Roman, Costus, Hay, Hyssop, Laurel Leaf, Lavandin, Lavender, Myrtle, Origanum, Rosemary, Sage, Spike Lavender, Star Anis.


Leather Note: Birch Tar Oil, Cade Oil.


Lemon Note: Lemon, Lemongrass, Lime, Litsea Cubeba, Mandarin, Melissa, Verbena.


Marine Note: Seaweed, Juniperberry.


Medicinal Note: Bitter Almond, Buchu Leaf, Cajuput, Camphor, Cassie Absolute, Eucalyptus, Wintergreen.


Minty Note: Pennyroyal, Peppermint, Spearmint.


Resinous Note: Elemi, Myrrh, Olibanum, Opoponax, Styrax.


Animal Note: Ambergris, Castoreum, Civet, Musk, Ambretteseed, Angelica Root, Angelica Seed, Cistus - Labdanum, Costus, Clary Sage.


Anise Note: Anise, Basil, Bitter Fennel, Sweet, Fennel, Star Anise, Tarragon.


Balsamic Note: Benzoin, Copaiba Balsam, Liatrix Absolute, Mastic Absolute, Melilot Absolute, Peru Balsam, Tolu Balsam, Vanilla.


Bitter Orange Note: Neroli, Orange Flower Absolute, Petitgrain from Bergamot, Lemon & Mandarin.


Citrus Note: Bergamot, Bitter Orange, Grapefruit, Lemon, Lime, Mandarin, Sweet Orange, Tangerine.


Coniferous Note: Armoise, Cedar Leaf, Cypress, Fir Balsam Abs. Juniperberry, Pine.


Floral Note: Boronia Abs., Broom Abs., Cananga, Carnation Abs., Cassie Abs., Champaca Abs., Everlasting Flower Abs., Hyacinth Abs., Jasmin Abs., Jonquil Abs., Karo - Karounde Abs., Longoza Abs., Marigold Abs., Mimoza Abs. Narcissus Abs., Orris Concrete, Osmanthus Abs., Reseda Abs., Tuberose Abs., Violet Leaf Abs., Ylang-Ylang.


Powdery Note: Cedrol Crystals, Coumarin, Ethyl Maltol, Ethyl Vanillin, Heliotropin, Maltol, Vanillin.


Aromatic Materials:


Rose Note: Citronellol, Damancenones, Damascones, Di Methyl Benzyl Carbinyl Acetate, Dimethyl Octanol, Di Phenyl Methane, Di Phenyl Oxide, Geraniol, Geranyl Acetate, Geranyl Benzoate, Geranyl Butyrate, Geranyl Formate, Nerol, Phenoxaflor, Phenoxanol, Phenyl Ethyl Acetate, Phenyl Ethyl Alcohol, Phenyl Ethyl Iso Butyrate, Phenyl Ethyl Phenyl Acetate, Phenyl Ethyl Salicylate, Rhodinol, Rhodinyl Acetate, Rose Oxide, Tri Choloro Methyl Phenyl Carbinyl Acetate.


Spicy Note: Acetyl Eugenol, Acetyl Iso Eugenol, Benzyl Iso Eugenol, Cinnamic Aldehyde, Cinnamonitrile ,Cinnamic Aldehyde, Eugenol, Iso Eugenol, Methyl Eugenol, Methyl Iso Eugenol.

Woody Notes: Bois Ambrene Forte, Cedramber, Cedrol, Cedryl Acetate, Guaiyl Acetate, Ionones, Iso E Super, Kephakis, Madrox, Methyl Ionones, Nopyl Acetate, Oakmoss, Synthetic, Sandalwood Synthetic, Santalol, Santalyl Acetate, Vertenex, Vertofix Coeur, Vetiverol, Vetiveryl Acetate.


Green Notes: Bromstyrol, Gricerin Acetal, cis-3-Hexenol, cis-3-Hexenyl Acetate, cis-3-Hexenyl Benzoate, cis-3-Hexenyl Salicylate, Hyacinth, Hydratropic Aldehyde, Ligustral, Methyl Heptin Carbonate, Methyl Octin Carbonate, 2,6-Nonadienal, 2,6-Nonadienol, Phenyl Acetaldehyde, Phenylacetaldehydedimethylacetal, Phenyl Ethyl Di Methyl Carbinol, Phenyl Propyl Alcohol, Phenyl Propyl Aldehyde, Stemone, Styrallyl Acetate .

Honey Note: Benzyl Phenyl Acetate, Ethyl Phenyl Acetate, Eugenyl Phenyl Acetate, Linalyl Phenyl Acetate, Methyl Phenyl Acetate, Phenyl Acetic Acid.


Jasmin Note: Alpha-Amyl Cinnamic Aldehyde, Benzyl Acetate, Benzyl Alcohol, Benzyl Formate, Benzyl Propionate, Benzyl Salicylate, Fleuramone, Gelsone, Jasminal, Jasmin Lactone, cis-Jasmone, Jessemal, Methyl Dihydro Jasmonate, Methyl Jasmonate.

Lavender Note: Camphor, Di Methyl Hydro Quinone, Methyl Amyl Ketone, Terpinyl Acetate.


Medicinal Note: Benzaldehyde, Methyl Salicylate.


Minty Note: (d-) Carvone, (l-) Carvone, l-Menthol, l-Menthyl Acetate.


Musk Note: Ambrettolide, Cashmeran, Cyclopentadecanolide, Ethylene Brassylate, Galaxolide, Musk DTI, Musk Ketone Tonalid.

Narcissus Note: p-Cresyl Acetate, p-Cresyl Phenyl Acetate.


Aldehydic Note: Adoxal, Aldehyde C - 8, Aldehyde C - 9, Aldehyde C - 10, Aldehyde C - 11, Undecyl Aldehyde C - 11, Undecylene Aldehyde, C - 11 MOA, Aldehyde C - 12 Lauryl, Aldehyde C - 12 MNA.


Animal Note: Ambrox, Grisalva, Indole, Iso Butyl Quinoline, Iso Propyl Quinoline, p-Methyl Quinoline, Skatol, Tetrahydro. 

Anise Note: Anethole, Anisic Alcohol, Anisyl Acetate, Estragole, Ethyl Salicylate.


Balsamic Note: Amyl Benzoate, Amyl Salicylate, Cinnamyl Acetate, Cinnamic Alcohol, Ethyl Cinnimate, Iso Butyl Salicylaten, Linalyl Cinnimate, Methyl Cinnimate, Phenyl Propyl Acetate.


Bitter Orange Note: Aurantiol, Di Methyl Anthranilate, Ethyl Anthranilate, Linalyl Benzoate, Methyl Anthranilate, beta-Methyl Naphthyl Ketone, beta-Naphthyl Ethyl Ether, beta-Naphthyl Methyl Ether.

Citrus Note: Citral, Citronellal, Citronellyl Acetate, Dihydro Myrcenol, Gerano Nitrile, d-Limonene, Linalyl Acetate Myrac Aldehyde, Myrcenyl Acetate.

Coniferous Note: Borneol, Bornyl Acetate, Iso Bornyl Acetate.


Floral Note: alpha-Anisy Propanal, Cyclamen Aldehyde, Di Methyl Benzyl Carbinol, Ethyl Linalool, Helional, Hexyl Cinnamic Aldehyde, Hydratropic Alcohol, Hydroxycitronellal, Irone, Lilial, Linalool, Lyral, Majantol, Mayol, p-Methyl Acetophenone, Methyl Benzoate, Piperonyl Acetone, Terpineol, Tetra Hydro Mugenol.


Fruity Note: Aldehyde C - 14, Aldehyde C - 16, Aldehyde C - 18, Allyl Amyl Glycolate, Allyl Cyclogalbanate, Allyl Ionone, Amyl Acetate, Cyclogalbanate, Ethyl Acetate, Fructone, Gamma-Decalactone, Hexyl Acetate, Oxyphenylon, Trans-2-Hexenal Verdox .


Odor Profiles -


Citrus - Bergamot, Citronella, Grapefruit, Lemon, Lemongrass, Lime, Mandarin, Neroli, Orange, Petitgrain, Tangerine, Verbena.


Fruity - Apple, Apricot, Banana, Black Current, Blueberry, Cherry, Coconut, Grape, Guava, Kiwi, Mango, Melon, Papaya, Passion Fruit, Peach, Pear, Pineapple, Plum, Prune, Raspberry, Strawberry.


Aldehyde Group - Fatty, Waxy, Oily, Ozone/Calone.


Green Group - Cucumber, Galbanum Grass, Leafy, Melon Rind, Stems, String Beans, Styrax, Tomato Leaf, Vegetable, Violet Leaves, Watercress.


Floral Group - Acacia, Apple Blossom, Broom (Genet), Carnation, Chamomile, Chrysanthemum, Freesia, Gardenia, Geranium, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hyacinth, Jasmin, Lilac, Lily, Magnolia, Marigold, Mimosa, Muguet, (Lily of the Valley), Narcissus, Orange Flower, Orris, Osmanthus, Peony, Rose, Tuberose, Violet, Ylang Ylang.


Herbal Group - Armoise, Basil, Black Current Buds, Bucchu, Camphor, Cedar Leaf, Eucalyptus, Hyssop, Juniper Berry, Lavender, Lavandin, Oregano, Parsley, Pennyroyal, Peppermint, Pine, Rosemary, Sage, Clary Sage, Dalmation, Spearmint, Spruce, Tancy, Tarragon (Estragon), Thyme, Wormwood.


Spicy Group - Anis Seed, Bay Leaf, Black Pepper Seed, Caraway Seed, Cardamom Seed, Cascarilla, Celery Seed, Cinnamon Bark, Cinnamon Leaf, Clove Leaf, Coriander Seed, Cubeb, Cumin Seed, Dill Seed, Ginger, Hop, Lovage Root, Mace, Nutmeg, Pepper (black), Pimento Berry, Pimento Leaf.


Woody, Balsam, Mosses Group - Amyris, Benzoin, Cedarwood, Cistus, Guaiacwood, Labdanum, Myrrh, Oakmoss, Patchouli, Peru Balsam, Sandalwood, Tobacco, Tolu, Tremoss, Vanilla, Vetivert.


Leather Group - Ambergris, Castoreum, Civet, Creosote, Cuir de Russe, Mate, Musk, Phenol, Tar.


A Perfumer's Palette -


Flowers, or Flowering Heads - Chamomile, Hyssop, Jasmine, Lavender, Lavandin, Mimosa, Orange Flower, Rose, Sage, Ylang.


Leaves, Needles - Boldo, Fir Balsam, Geranium, Mate, Patchouli, Tobacco, Violet


Wood, Branches - Armoise, Cistus, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Juniper, Laurel, Lentisque, Rosemary, Thyme.


Berries, Buds - Blackcurrant, Clove, Juniper, Pepper.


Pods, Seeds - Ambrette, Carrot, Parsley, Tonka Beans, Vanilla.


Resins - Benzoin, Elemi, Galbanum, Labdanum, Mastic, Myrrh, Olibanum, Opoponax, Peru, Styrax.


Moss - Cedar, Fucus, Oak, Pine.


Roots - Lovage, Orris, Vetiver.


Essential Oils By Country -


Albania - Abies Alba Oil, Origanum Oil, Sage Oil.


Argentina - Citronella Oil, Grapefruit Oil, Lemon Oil, Mandarin Oil.


Australia - Blackcurrant Abs., Eucalyptus Oil, Boronia Abs., Fennel Sweet Oil, Lavender Oil, Lemon Oil, Tea Tree Oil. 


Austria - Birch Tar Oil.


Brazil - Bergamot Oil, Bitter Orange Oil, Boise-de-rose Oil, Cabore Oil, Cabreuva Oil, Cornmint Oil, Cypress Oil, Eucalyptus Oil, Grapefruit Oil, Lemon Oil, Lemongrass Oil, Lime Oil, Mandarin Oil, Orange Oil, Peru Balsam Oil, Petitgrain Oil, Sassafras Oil, Tangerine Oil, Tolu Balsam Oil, Vetiver Oil, Ylang Ylang Oil.


Bulgaria - Abies Alba Oil, Anise Seed Oil, Blue Chamomile Oil, Clary Sage Oil, Dill Weed Oil, Rose Oil.


Canada - Cedarleaf Oil, Fir Balsam Oil, Fir Needle Oil.


China - Ambrette Seed Oil, Camphor Oil, Cassia Oil, Cedarwood Oil, Celery Seed Oil, Chempaka Concrete, Cornmint Oil, Eucalyptus Oil, Fennel Biter Oil, Geranium Oil, Ginger Oil, Ho Leaf Oil, Jasmin Abs., Jasmin Concrete, Lavender Oil, Lemongrass Oil, Lime Oil, Litsea Cubeba Oil, Mandarin Oil, Patchouli Oil, Sassafras Oi, Siberian Pine Needle Oil, Spearmint Oil, Star Anise Oil, Valerian Oil, Vetiver Oil.


Comoros - Basil Oil, Cananga Oil, Palmarosa Oil, Ylang Ylang Oil.


Cuba - Bitter Orange Oil, Cascarilla Oil, Lime Oil.


Cyprus - Lemon Oil


El Salvador - Peru Balsam Oil


Egypt - Anise Seed Oil, Basil Oil Blue, Chamomile Oil, Caraway Oil, Celery Seed Oil, Coriander Oil, Cumin Oil, Dill Seed Oil, Fennel Bitter Oil, Geranium Oil, Jasmin Abs., Jasmin Concrete, Marjoram Oil, Neroli Oil, Tagetes Oil, Rose Oil, Tuberose Abs.


Ethiopia - Myrrh Oil.


France - Anise Seed Oil, Broom Abs., Carrot Seed Oil, Celery Herb Oil, Celery Seed Oil, Clary Sage Oil, Cognac Oil, Cypress Oil, Jasmin Abs., Jasmin Concrete, Lavender Oil, Mimosa Abs., Nerol Oil, Orange Flower Abs., Petitgrain Oil, Roman Chamomile Oil, Rose Oil, Tuberose Abs., Violet Leaf Abs.


Germany - Birch Tar Oil, Cognac Oil.


Guatemala - Cardamom Oil, Lemongrass Oil, Palmarosa Oil, Vetiver Oil.


Guinea - Bergamot Oil, Bitter Orange Oil.


Haiti - Amyris Oil, Bitter Orange Oil, Lime Oil, Vetiver Oil.


Honduras - Styrax Oil.


Hungary - Angelica Root Oil, Dill Weed Oil, Roman Chamomile Oil, Valerian Oil.


India - Ajowam Oil, Ambrette Seed Oil, Anise Seed Oil, Calamus Oil, Cardamom Oil, Cedarwood Oil, Celery Herb Oil, Celery Seed Oil, Cinnamon Leaf Oil, Citronella Oil, Clary Sage Oil, Coriander Oil, Cornmint Oil, Davana Oil, Eucalyptus Oil, Frangipanni Abs., Geranium Oil, Ginger Oil, Jasmin Abs., Jasmin Concrete, Lemongrass Oil, Nutmeg Oil, Palmarosa Oil, Pepper Oil, Sandalwood Oil, Tuberose Abs., Vetiver Oil.


Indonesia - Cajuput Oil, Cananga Oil, Citronella Oil, Clove Bud Oil, Clove Leaf Oil, Gurjun Balsam, Nutmeg Oil, Palmarosa Oil, Patchouli Oil, Sandalwood Oil, Vanilla Resinoid, Vetiver Oil.


Iran - Galbanum Oil.


Israel - Grapefruit Oil, Orange Oil.


Italy - Bergamot Oil, Carrot Seed Oil, Jasmin Abs., Jasmin Concrete, Lemon Oil, Mandarin Oil, Neroli Oil, Orange Oil, Orris Oil, Roman Chamomile Oil, Orange Flower Abs., Mimosa Abs, Petitgrain Oil.


Jamaica - Lime Oil, Pimmento Berry Oil,  Pimmento Leaf Oil, Vanilla Resinoid.


Madagascar - Basil Oil, Palmarosa Oil, Ylang Ylang Oil, Vanilla Resinoid.


Mexico - Lime Oil


Morocco - Anise Seed Oil, Armoise Oil, Broom Abs., Carrot Seed Oil, Cedarwood Oil, Chamomile Oil, Clary Sage Oil, Fennel Bitter Oil, Geranium Oil, Jasmin Abs., Jasmin Concrete, Lavandin Oil, Marjoram Oil, Neroli Oil, Orange Flower Abs., Pennyroyal Oil, Petitgrain Oil, Rose Oil, Rosemary Oil, Tarragon Oil, Tuberose Abs.


Netherlands - Caraway Oil, Hyacinth Abs.


North Korea - Calamus Oil.


Poland - Abies Alba Oil, Caraway Oil.


Portugal - Eucalyptus, Laurel Leaf Oil.


Reunion - Cananga Oil, Geranium Oil, Ylang Ylang Oil.


Romania - Abies Alba Oil.


Seychelles - Cinnamon Leaf Oil, Lavandin Oil, Lemon Oil, Neroli Oil, Origanum Oil.


Siri Lanka - Cardamom Oil, Cinnamon Bark Oil, Cinnamon Leaf Oil, Citronella Oil, Clove Bud Oil, Clove Leaf Oil


Somalia - Myrrh Oil.


South Africa - Buchu Oil, Eucalyptus Oil, Jasmin Abs. Jasmin Concrete, Tagetes Oil.


Spain - Anise Seed Oil, Cade Oil, Cumin Oil, Eucalyptus Oil, Fennel Bitter Oil, Fennel Sweet Oil, Orange Flower Abs.


Taiwan - Camphor Oil, Citronella Oil.

Tanzania - Clove Stem Oil, Clove Leaf Oil.


Thailand - Cornmint Oil, Gurjun Balsam.


Tunisia - Anise Seed Oil, Armoise Oil, Rosemary Oil.


Turkey - Galbanum Oil, Laurel Leaf Oil, Styrax Oil, Rose Oil.


United Kingdom - Celery Seed Oil, Hop Oil.


United States - Basil Oil, Cedar Leaf Oil, Cedarwood Oil, Celery Seed Oil, Clary Sage Oil, Dillweed Oil, Fir Balsam Oil, Grapefruit Oil, Lemon Oil, Lime Oil, Olibanum Oil, Orange Oil, Peppermint Oil, Pine Oil, Sassafras Oil, Spearmint Oil, Tangerine Oil.


USSR - Birch Tar Oil, Calamus Oil, Coriander Oil, Dill Seed Oil, Sweet Fennel Oil, Laurel Leaf Oil, Lavender Oil, Petitgrain Oil, Siberian Pine Needle Oil.


Viet Nam - Star Anise Oil.


Classification by Chemical Family -


Floral Fresh - Phenyl Acetaldehyde.

Leafy, Lemon, Lily - Acetaldehyde, Phenyl Ethyl Acetal, Citronellyl Dimethyl Acetal.

Orange, Orris - Phenyl Acetaldehyde / Methyl Anthranilate - Schiff base.

Woody - Isolongifolanone, Acetoxy Methyl Isolongifolene, Formoxy Methyl Iso Longifolene.

Earthy - Phenyl Acetaldehyde Gglyceryl Acetal.

Rose - Phenyl Acetaldehyde, Citronellyl Acetal, Phenyl Acetaldehyde Di Methyl Acetal.

Sweet, Spicy, Sandal - Hydroxy Methyl Isolongifolene, Himachalene Epoxide.

Ylang - Hydrotropic Aldehyde Di Methyl Acetal, Camphene, Carbinyl Acetate, Carene Carbinyl Acetate.

Nasturtium - Olibanum Oil, Turmeric Oil, Davana Oil.

Tangerine - Terpenyl Methyl Ether, Citronellyl Formate, Geranyl Acetate, Nopyl Acetate.

Hyacinth, Honey - Phenyl Acetaldehyde, Phenyl Ethyl Phenyl Acetate.

Aldehydes - Phenyl Acetaldehyde 100%, Hydrotropic Aldehyde 100%, Phenyl Acetaldehyde 50% (PEA, DEP, PG).

Ketones - Isolongifolanone/Epimer.

Esters - Benzyl esters, Phenyl ethyl esters, Geranyl esters, Citronellyl esters, Nopyl Acetate, Camphene Carbinyl Acetate.

Acetals - Phenyl Acetaldehyde Dimethyl Acetal, Phenyl Acetaldehyde Citronellyl Acetal, Phenyl Acetaldehyde Glyceryl Acetal.

Epoxide - Himachalene Epoxide.

Ketals - Isolongifolanone, Ethylene Glycol Ketal, Isolongifolanone, Propylene Glycol Ketal.

Alcohol - Nopol, Camphene Carbinol, Hydroxy Methyl Isolongifolene.

Heterocyclic - 2, 3 Dimethyl Indole.


Jasmin Fragrance Chemicals -


Benzyl Acetate - Strong sweet fresh fruity floral odor of many types of flowers.


Benzyl Acetate Coeur - A richer, softer jasmin.


Benzyl Propionate - Fruity sweet, floral undertone type jasmin.


CIS Jasmone - Diffusive, warm spicy fruity, dilution - floral.


Delphone - Powerful, diffusive and complex floral aromatic and fruity, jasmin.


Di Hydro Iso Jasmonate - Fruity odor floral jasmin.


Di Hydro Jasmone - Fruity sweet floral woody with a powdery nuance.


Di Jasmone - A full, deep jasmin type odor, intensely floral.


Di Methyl Benzyl Carbinyl Acetate - Fresh powerful fruity floral odor of jasmin, lily.


Hedione - The floral heart of the jasmin note develops rich smoothness.


Iso Jasmone - Isomeric floral jasmin mixture.


Iso Jasmone Pure - Powerful, latonic, celery - jasmin.


Jasmacylene - Low cost, fresh diffusive green, woody anise, herby, - jasmin.


Jasmal - Powerful oily herbaceous warm jasmin odor.


Jasmaprunate - Fruity like apple jasmin dry slightly green like wild grapes.


Jasmatone - Diffusive, warm spicy celery, with a hint of fruitiness, - jasmin.


Jasmelia - A pungent jasmin, jasmone odor with a hint of parsley.


Jasmin # 187 - A sweet floral fruity jasmin floral complex.


Jasmin AB13 - Economical but tenacious base with a fruity top note.


Jasmin AB 410 - Long lasting, absolute note of floral jasmin.


Jasmin Abs. - Floral jasmin not overly sweet like cananga oil.


Jasmin Abs. - Concrete Syn A pleasant fruity sweet floral jasmin odor.


Jasmin Abs. Italian Max. The purest heart of the floral jasmin.


Jasmin Abs. - Oliffac An economical approach of the precious jasmin flower.


Jasmin Chassis Abs. - Resembles orange flower absolute, warm sweet and heavy.


Jasmin Concrete - With a varying source odor is waxy, fatty sweet jasmin like.


Jasmin Egyptian - An extremely fine floral jasmin fragrance.


Jasmin Egyptian C2612 - Has fine jasmin top note quite diffusive.


Jasmin Etoile Givco 144 - Spicy warm floral.


Jasmin Lactone - Powerful cream, jasmine, peach coconut note.


Jasmin Petals Abs. Egypt A - sweet strong jasmin green floral petal like odor.


Jasmin 74D - A reconstitution of jasmin absolute.


Jasmine - The sweetest and most celebrated flower of North Africa.


Jasmolactone - Sweet fruity floral jasmin.


Jasmolactone CNC - Oily, fruity floral petal like suggestive of many floral absolutes.


Jasmo Lactone XC - Jasmin absolute odor with a buttery note.


Jasmonol - Floral waxy odor works well in tuberose, honeysuckle and jasmin.


Jasmonyl - Intensely sweet floral jasmin.


Jasmonyl Acetate - Jasmin somewhat pear like odor.


Jasmophyll - Sweet floral fruity like jasmin slight green herbal woody nuance.


Jasmonyl - Intensely sweet floral jasmin.


Jasmorange - Fruity balsamic, green floral, aldehydic.


Jasmopyrane - Rich, waxy, sweet floral jasmin complex.


Jasmopyrane Forte - More tenacious floral jasmin, and has a slight mush roomy note.


Jessemal - Herbaceous floral jasmin.

Lactone CIS Jasmone # 114 - Soft floral odor of jasmin.

Lactone CIS Jasmone # 411 - Floral waxy jasmin absolute character.

Lactojasmon - Floral similar to gardenia with fruity creamy coconut accent.


Classification of Materials


Certain types of odor occur in botanical materials from species of the same botanical family. Arctander has preferred to go strictly by alphabetical order using the most common commercial names as entries. The Latin name is used when confusion exists. A classification according to botanical relationship would group the following materials:


Rhizomes - Ginger, Galanga, Cucurcuma

Flowers - Broom, Cassie, Mimosa

Fruits - Anise and Fennel

Herbs - Lavender, Rosemary, Cassie, Patchouli

Roots - Angelica, and Lovage

Flowers - Camomile, Everlasting


Such a grouping could be perfectly justified and reasonable, but the system would also include a grouping such as this:


Flowers - Baronia, and Neroli

Oleo Resin - Elemi, Opoponax

Leaves - Pimento Leaf, Clove Leaf, Cinnamon Leaf

Fruits - Carrot and Coriander

Herbs - Origanum, Patchouli, Hyssop


In above examples the subjects are identical parts of various plants from the same family. The differences can become wilder.


Herbs, Roots, Leaves - Citronella, and Vetiver

Bulbs, & Flowers - Garlic & Hyacinth

Rhizome & Flower - Ginger & Longoza

Flower & Fruit - Champaca & Star Anise

Bark & Wood - Cinnamon Bark & Sassafras

Wood & Flower - Amyris & Boronia


As a result of the above complexity I found the easiest way to list fragrance raw materials is by an alphabetical sequential listing A - Z.


Natural Ingredients by Categories


Blossoms - From roses, that are mainly cultivated in Bulgaria, Turkey, Morocco, Egypt and Southern France.  Rose Oil is obtained by steam distillation, concretes by solvent extraction and absolute from the concrete.

.  Cananga - Java, Comoros, Madagascar
.  Basil - Comoros, Madagascar, Hungary
.  Mimosa - France, Morocco
.  Camomile - Hungary, Morocco
.  Neroli - France, Italy, Tunisia, Morocco
.  Lavender - France, Bulgaria, Russia.


Leaves and Stems - Two well known natural essences used today are:

.  Patchouli oil - Indonesia
.  Clove Leaf oil - Madagascar, Indonesia

Examples of natural materials from leaves & stems:

.  Geranium oil - Egypt, Bourbon (Réunion), Morocco
.  Petitgrain oil - Paraguay, Italy
.  Eucalyptus oil - Australia, Spain, Portugal


Fruits - By steam distillation, the aromatic essential oil is extracted out of the dried and unripe berries of black pepper plants.

Some natural materials are as follows:

.  Pepper oil - India, Indonesia, Malaysia
.  Juniper oil - Yugoslavia, Hungary, France
.  Aniseed oil - Spain, Russia
.  Star-aniseed oil - China, Vietnam
.  Coriander oil - Russia, Balkans
.  Caraway oil - Poland, The Netherlands
.  Pimento oil - Jamaica


Fruit Peels - With the aid pressing processes, as well as steam distillation one can obtain essential oils from the peels of citrus fruits.


Common fruits:

.  Bergamot - Calabria, Italy, Ivory Coast
.  Lemon - Sicily, Ivory Coast, South America, North America
.  Grapefruit - USA, Israel
.  Tangerine - Sicily, Israel
.  Lime - West Indies, Mexico, Brazil
.  Orange - Italy, Brazil, USA


Seeds -


.  Abrette - Indonesia, Madagascar, China
.  Cardamom - Sri Lanka, India
.  Mace - Indonesia, Sri Lanka
.  Angelica - Belgium, Hungary
.  Celery - India, Hungary


Roots - Essential oils from roots are highly aromatic and much sought after in modern accords..

Some examples include:

.  Vetiver oil - Java, Haiti, Bourbon (Réunion)
.  Angelica root oil - Belgium, Hungary
.  Orris - France, Morocco
.  Calamus oil - India, Russia
.  Costus root oil - India


Woods - In ancient times sandalwood was already highly esteemed for its peculiar and intensive smell. Due to political and economical manipulations, the essential oil of sandalwood has become a scarce and expensive commodity. But other essential oils distilled from woods are also subject to such manipulations which are responsible for considerable fluctuations of prices.

Among the well-known trees furnishing essential oils are:

.  Sandalwood tree - India (Mysore), New Caledonia
.  Rosewood or Linaloe tree - Brazil
.  Cedar - USA, China, Africa
.  Guaiacwood tree - Paraguay, Argentina


Herbs - Thyme as well as the distilled oil taken from this plant have been mentioned in dispensatories and in apothecary and spice listings since the 16th century.

Essential oils extracted from herbs include:

.  Thyme oil - Spain, Morocco, Russia, China
.  Tansy oil - USA, France, Hungary
.  Mint oil - USA, Japan
.  Lemongrass oil - Guatemala, China, India
.  Sage oil - Spain, Yugoslavia, Albania


Needles & Branches -


.  Spruce - Russia, Korea
.  Silver Fir - Austria, Yugoslavia, Canada
.  Pine - Yugoslavia, Austria
.  Dwarf Pine - Yugoslavia, Austria


Resins & Balsams - Essential oil is gained out of resins and balsams by steam distillation, and resinoids are extracted either by means of volatile solvents or by mixing with solvents and heating. Resin consists of the milky juices of the plants seeping out of the trunk and bigger branches, dried in the air. the dried juices form irregular round pellets, sometimes called tears, which are subjected to further processing.

Known resinous and balsamic products are:

.  Galbanum - Iran, Afghanistan
.  Elemi - Philippines
.  Benzoin - Sumatra, Thailand
.  Olibanum - Yemen, Somalia
.  Opoponax - Sudan, Arabia


Lichens - The so-called "oakmoss" comes from lichens growing on the bark of the oak tree. "Treemoss", on the other hand, is gained from lichens found on conifers.  These lichens are gathered in Yugoslavia, France and Spain and are processed into concretes, absolutes and resinoids.


Natural Essences:


Flowering Plants - Shrubs and Trees: Carnation, Cassie, Cananga, Hawthorne, Heliotrope, Hyacinth, Jasmine, Jonquil, Lilac, Lily, Mimosa, Muguet, Narcissus, Orange Flower, Reseda, Rose, Tuberose, Violet, Ylang Ylang.


Leaves - Bay Cinnamon, Cedar, Patchouli, Bitter Orange, Wintergreen, Eucalyptus.


Woods - Amyris, Cade, Cedar, Birch, Bois De Rose, Camphor, Guaiacwood, Laurel, Linaloe, Santal, Sassafras.


Barks - Birch, Cascarilla, Cassia, Cedar, Cinnamon, Cypress.


Fresh Fruit' Peels - Bergamot, Citron, Grapefruit, Lemon, Limes, Mandarin, Orange, Tangerine.


Grass - Citronella, Gingergrass, Lemongrass, Palmarosa.


Seeds - Ambrette, Angelica, Cardamom, Carrot, Croton, Cumin, Dill, Mustard, Parsley, Bitter Almond.


Dried Leaves - Cherry Laurel, Eucalyptus, Niaouli, Patchouli.


Dried Fruits - Coriander, Anise, Juniper, Nutmeg.


Dried Buds & Berries - Clove, Cubeb, Juniper, Pimenta.


Balsams - Copaiba, Labdanum, Peru, Tolu, Gilead.


Gums - Elemi, Galbanum, Mastic, Myrrh, Olibanum, Opoponax, Styrax.


Roots & Rhizomes - Angelic, Calamus, Costum, Ginger, Orris, Valerian, Vetiver.


Herb's Flowers - Basil, Chamomile, Dill, Estragon, Fennel, Geranium, Lavandin, Lavender and Spike Lavender, Lovage, Marjoram, Origanum, Parsley, Penny Royal, Peppermint, Rosemary, Sage, Spearmint, Tansy, Thyme, Verbena, Wormseed, Wormwood.


Classification of Eugene Rimmel 1865


Rimmel grouped all odors more or less close to each other. Isotonic odors means same tone, and iso - osmatic meaning same odor.


1.     Rose: Geranium

2.     Jasmine: Ylang Ylang

3.     Orange: Acacia

4.     Tuberose: Narcissus, Lily

5.     Violet: Iris

6.     Vanilla: Styrax, Peru Balsam, Heliotrope

7.     Cinnamon: Cassia

8.     Sandel: Vetiver

9.     Lemon: Bergamot

10.   Lavender: Spike

11.   Mint: Basil, Thyme

12.   Anise: Coriander

13.   Bitter: Almond : Laurel

14.   Musk: Civet

15.   Fruit: Apple, Pineapple

16.   Clove: Pink Carnation

17.   Camphor: Rosemary

18.   Amber: Ambergris


An arrangement or isotonic or iso osmatic odors:


1.     Folial - Nutty

2.     Verdue

3.     Oakmoss - Lichen

4.     Fern

5.     Earthy

6.     Fungal

7.     Rooty

8.     Woody

9.     Smoky

10.   Leather

11.   Animal

12.   Resinous

13.   Spicy - Nutty

14.   Balsamic

15.   Herbaceous

16.   Amber

17.   Honey

18.   Aldehydic

19.   Citrus

20.   Fruity

21.   Oenanthic


Principal Materials Used In Perfumery 1865 - Eugene Rimmel


Names Whence Extracted Place of Production
Almond Amygdalus Amara Northern Africa
Ambergris Secretion of Physeter Macrocephalus Floating in sea
Aniseed Pimpinella Anisum Northern Europe
Balsam Peru Myroxylon Peruiferum South America west coast
Balsam Tulu Toluifera Balsamum Same
Bergamot Citrus Bergamia Calabria & Sicily
Bigarrade Citrus Bigaradia Italy
Camphor Laurus Camphora China & Japan
Caraway Carum Carui England, Germany, France
Cascarilla Croton Cascarilla Bahama Islands
Cassia Laurus Cassia East Indies & China
Cassie Acacia Farnesiana South of France, Algeria
Cedrat Citrus Cedrata rind France, Italy
Cinnamon Laurus Cinnamomum bark Ceylon
Cinnamon Leaf Leaves of above Ceylon
Citronella Andropogon Citratum Ceylon
Civet Secretion Viverra Civetta Africa
Cloves Caryophyllus, flowerbud South East Asia, Zanzibar
Dill Anethum Graveolens England
Ditto ( Star ) Illicium Anisatum China & Japan
Fennel Anethum Foeniculum South of France
Geranium Pelargonium Odoradissimum France, Italy, Algeria, Spain
Ginger grass Andropogon Nardus Ceylon
Iris or Orris Root of Iris Florentina Italy
Jasmine Jasminum Odoratissimum France, Italy, Tunis, Algeria
Jonquil Narcissus Jonquila France, Italy
Laurel Cerasus Lauro Cerasus, leaves France, England, Italy
Lavender Lavandula Vera France, England, Italy
Lemon Citrus Medica, rind Genoa, Calabria, Sicily, Spain
Lemon grass Andropogon Schaenanthus Ceylon
Limette Citrus Limetta, rind South of France
Mace Expressed from refuse nutmegs Indian Archipelago
Marjoram Origana Majorana South of France
Mirbane Almonds England & France
Musk Secretion of Moschus Moschatus Tibet, China & Siberia
Musk seed Hibiscus Abelmoschus West Indies
Myrtle Myrtus Communis South of France
Myrrh Balsamodendron Myrrha East Indies, Arabia, Algeria
Narcissus Narcissus Odorata Algeria
Neroli, bigarrade Citrus Bigaradia, flowers France, Italy, Algeria
Neroli, portugal Citrus Aurantium flowers France, Italy, Algeria
Nutmeg Myristica Moschata Indian Archipelago
Orange, portugal Citrus Aurantium, rind Calabria & Sicily
Orange Flower Citrus Bigardia, flowers France, Italy, China, India
Patchouly Pogostmon Patchouli India & China
Peppermint Mentha Piperita England & United States
Petitgrain, bigarrade Citrus Bigardia, leaves France & Algeria
Petitgrain, portugal Citrus Aurantium, leaves France & Algeria
Rose Rose Centifolia France, Italy, and Turkey
Rosemary Rosmarinum Officinalis South of France
Rosewood Lignum Aspalathum South America
Sandalwood Santalum Citrinum India, China, Asia, Australia
Sassafras Laurus Sassafrus United States
Serpolet Thymus Serpyllum South of France
Spike Lavandula Spica South of France
Styrax Liquidambar Styraciflua Turkey
Thyme Thymus Vulgaria South of France
Tonquin Beans of Diptrix Odorata South America, West Indies
Tuberose Polianthes Tuberosa France, Italy, Mexico
Vanilla Pod of Vanilla Planifolia Mexico
Verbena Aloysia Citriodora Spain
Violet Viola Odorata France, Italy
Vitivert Anatherum Muricatum India
Wintergreen Gaultheria Procumbens United States


Rene Maurice Gattefosse Classification 1881


Family Variety Common odor    
Jasmines Jasmine, Lilac, Lily of the Valley Benzyl Acetate & other esters
  Cyclamen, Ylang-Ylang  
Orange Neroli, Orange Flower, Petitgrain Nerol, Methyl Anthranilate, Farnesol
  Acacia, Sweet Pea  
Narcissus Narcissus, Tuberose, Hyacinth Para Cresyl Esters, Phenyl Acetic
  Jonquil, Glycine, Gardenia, Honey Esters
Rose Rose, Geranium, Palmarosa Phenyl Ethyl Alcohol, Citronellol,
    Geraniol, Rhodinol, Di Phenyl Oxide
Violet Violet, Iris (Orris), Mignonette Irone, Ionone, Methyl Ionone
  Reseda Methyl Heptine Carbonate
Mimosa Mimosa, Cassia Para Methyl Acetophenone
Citrus Bergamot, Verbana, Melissa Citral, Citronellol, Linalool
  (Balm Mind) Limonene
Aurantiae Orange, Tangerine, Lemon Methyl Anthranilate, Aldehyde C - 10
Lavender Lavender, Hyssop, Laurel Linalyl Acetate & other Esters
    Terpinyl Acetate
Mint Mint, Spearmint Pulegone, Menthol, Menthone
Spice Cinnamon, Clove, Tarragon Cinnamic Aldehyde, Eugenol
Woods Pine, Juniper, Rosemary, Borneol, & Acetate, Camphor
  Vetiver, Patchouli  
Vanilla Vanilla, Heliotrope Vanillin, Heliotropine
Anise Anise, Fennel, Chinese Anise Anethole
Amber Clary Sage, Labdanum Musk Ambrette, Musk Ketone


Classification of Redgrove


Class Types Odor of the Same Class
Violet Violet Cassie, Orris Root, Mignonette
Spice Cinnamon Cassia, Nutmeg, Mace, Pimento
Clove Clove Carnation, Clove
Citrine Lemon Bergamot, Orange, Limette
Aniseed Aniseed Badiene, Caraway, Dill, Coriander, Fennel
Mint Peppermint Spearmint, Balm, Rue, Sage
Fruit Pear Apple, Pineapple, Quince


Classification of Zwaardemaker 1857 - 1930


Hendrick Zwaardemaker classified odors according to their major content:


1.         Amyl Acetate


2.         Nitrobenzene


3.         Terpineol


4.         Ethyl Sulfate


5.         Guaiacol


6.         Valerianic acid


7.         Pyridine


8.         Skatol


He further classified the odors in nine groups:


1.         Ethereal:                             Fruits, Beeswax, Ethers


2.         Aromatic:                            Camphor, Cloves, Lavender, Lemon, Bitter almond


3.         Balsamic or Fragrant:          Flowers, Violet, vanilla and Coumarin


4.         Ambrosial:                          Amber, Musk


5.         Alliaceous:                          Sulfureted hydrogen, Arsine, Chlorine


6.         Empyreumatic:                    Roast coffee, Benzene


7.         Caprylic:                             Cheese, Rancid fat


8.         Repulsive:                           Deadly nightshade, Bedbug


9.         Nauseating or fetid:             Carrior, Faeces




Hans Henning a German chemist made the following classification:


1.         Flowery:                             Heliotrope, coumarin, geranium


2.         Fruity:                                 Orange oil, bergamot oil, citronellal


3.         Resinous or balsamic:          Turpentine, eucalyptus oil, Canada balsam


4.         Burnt:                                  Pyridine, tar


5.         Putrefaction/Foul:                 Sulfureted hydrogen, carbon disulfide


6.         Spicy:                                  Cloves, fennel, anise


Duration of Evaporation Table 1923 - W.A. Poucher


Top Notes




Acetophenone - Floral sweet reminiscent of hawthorne.


Almonds - Nutty.


Amyl Acetate - Powerful fresh fruity banana, pear apple odor.


Benzaldehyde - Powerful fruity sweet odor of bitter almonds.


Benzyl Acetate - Fresh light fruity jasmin like.


Ethyl Acetate - Refreshing fruity ethereal.


Ethyl Aceto Acetate - Heavy ethereal sweet rum like odor.


Iso Butyl Acetate - Sweet and recalling raspberry and pear.


Methyl Benzoate - Heavy deep sweet floral reminiscent of tropical flowers.


Niaouli Oil - Principal odor is cineole, cool camphoraceous.




Benzyl Formate - Powerful, earthy, green leafy floral odor.


Bois De Rose Oil - Rose with a citrus fruity like odor.


Ethyl Benzoate - Warm fruity floral.


Limes Distilled - Fruity sweet tart like lime odor.


Linalool - Light and refreshing floral.


Mandarin - Fruity sweet mandarin orange like odor.


Methyl Salicylate - Herbaceous, ratty fruity odor of wintergreen.


Octyl Acetate - Fruity, slightly fatty, waxy with a green apple like smell.


Phenyl Ethyl Acetate - Sweet fruity rose honey, suggestive of green rose leafs.


Phenyl Ethyl Formate - Powerful, green leafy rose like.


Phenyl Ethyl Propionate - Herbaceous rosy, deep fruity.


Phenyl Ethyl Salicylate - Faintly sweet floral rose like odor.




Benzyl Cinnimate - Faintly sweet balsamic, with floral background.


Coriander Oil - Warm, spicy.


Para Cresyl Methyl Ether - Dilution - floral narcissus, and ylang ylang.


Para Cresyl Acetate - Penetrating, suggestive of horse urine, dilution, - narcissus.


Para Cresyl Iso Butyrate - Narcissus type.


Decyl Formate - Sweet, and sharp orange rose.


Di Methyl Benzyl Carbinol - Woody rose.


Di Methyl Benzyl Acetate - Floral sweet odor of jasmin, lily.


Ethyl Salicylate - Heavy sweet floral fruity reminiscent of wintergreen oil.


Myrrh Oil - Attractive slightly spicy, and aromatic.


Octyl Iso Butyrate - Green herbaceous.


Pennyroyal Oil - Fresh, minty odor.


Petitgrain Paraguay - Floral woody odor.


Sassafras Oil - Fruity reminiscent of ocotea cymbarium.


Spearmint Oil - Mint, fresh spearmint.


Terpineol - Delicate floral reminiscent of lilac.




Di Methyl Octanol - Dry floral rose.


Cumin Oil - Terpenic, phenolic, reminiscent of the spice itself.


Citronellol - Floral rose.


Eucalyptus Oil - Camphoraceous.


Geranyl Benzoate - Floral rose balsamic.


Lavender Oil - Sweet floral herbaceous.


Methyl Butyrate - Penetrating and diffusive sweet ethereal.


Myrtle Oil - Distinct spicy, and camphoraceous.


Nonyl Aldehyde - Powerful and diffusive floral type odor.


Phenyl Ethyl Alcohol - Warm floral rose.


Sage Oil Dalmation - Powerful and camphoraceous.


Methyl Salicylate - Pungent, sweet reminiscent of wintergreen oil.




Di Methyl Acetophenone - Intense sweet floral, dilution - mimosa like.


Ethyl Phenyl Acetate - Sweet warm honey like.


Neroli Oil - Sweet spicy orange blossom.


Nonyl Acetate - Slightly harsh earthy with fruity green note.


Terpinyl Acetate - Herbaceous sweet refreshing spicy.


Para Tolyl Aldehyde - Warm and mildly floral sweet spicy Rem of benzaldehyde.




Bay Oil - Powerful spicy, and sweet.


Bergamot Oil - Fruity sweet, orange.


Caraway Oil - Intense, and spicy.


Cedrat Oil - Fruity, a mixture of citrus oils.


Citronellyl Formate - Floral rose leafy like, reminiscent of geranium leaves.


Copaiba Oil - A mild, but fresh peppery odor.


Iso Butyl Phenyl Acetate - Warm, musk honey like.


Linalyl Benzoate - Floral slightly balsamic.


Phenyl Ethyl Benzoate - Warm floral rose slightly balsamic.


Phenyl M Carbinyl Acetate - Powerful and penetrating green floral, dil - more fruity.


Grapefruit Oil - Sweet fruity citrus grapefruit.


Amyl Propionate - Sweet fruity odor of apricot and banana.


Aniseed - Fruity herbaceous, licorice like.


Benzyl Iso Butyrate - Heavy fruity odor.


Benzyl Propionate - Fruity sweet, excellent fixative.


Ethyl Heptoate - Powerful fruity wine like odor.


Geraniol, Java - Sweet floral rose.


Ginger Oil - Spicy, ginger bread like.


Methyl Octine Carbonate - Green violet leaf like odor.


Nonyl Alcohol - Peculiar oily floral odor recalling rose and neroli in dilution.


Peppermint Japanese - Mint, peppermint, sweet.


Rue Oil - Fatty, oily with a fruity floral aspect slightly herbaceous.


Tansy Oil - Spicy camphoraceous type odor.


Thyme Oil White - Strong spicy, medicinal.


Violet Abs. - Floral slightly green leaf like.


Geranyl Iso Butyrate - Fruity sweet rose.


Decyl Acetate - Sharp orange rose.




Amyl Salicylate - Sweet herbaceous green slightly floral.


Benzyl Salicylate - Faintly sweet, balsamic.


Cedarwood Oil - Reminiscent of smelling cedar chest.


Citronella Oil Ceylon - A fresh grassy odor.


Citronellyl Acetate - Floral rose, slightly sweet.


Ethyl Anthranilate - Sweet, grape like.


Geraniol Ex Palmarosa - Sweet floral rose from palmarosa oil.


Iso Butyl Benzoate - Pleasant eglantine odor.


Iso Butyl Salicylate - Harsh herbaceous floral reminiscent clover and orchid.


Lemon Oil Of California - Sweet fruity lemon.


Linalyl Propionate - Floral, slightly sweet fruity.


Nerol - Refreshing wet sea shore like floral rose.


Rose Otto French - Floral rose nice and light.


Wormseed Oil - Narcotic like, aphrodisiac.


Phenyl Ethyl Valerate - Fruity rose herbaceous, tobacco like note.




Geranyl Butyrate - Sweet fruity floral rose.


Iva Oil - Intense and aromatic cool camphoraceous odor.


Laurel Leaf Oil - Fresh spicy somewhat camphoraceous.


Methyl Anisate - Sweet delicate floral, reminiscent of linden blossom, magnolia.


Neryl Acetate - Fruity sweet rosy raspberry like.


Peppermint, American - Mint, sweet peppermint.


Spike Lavender - Floral herbaceous with cool effect.


Tagette Oil - Intense somewhat fruity & cloying, dilution resembles apples.


Thyme Oil Red - Powerful, and spicy.




Absinthe Oil - An aphrodisiac liqueur popular in early 1920's.


Camomile - Herbaceous floral.


Di Phenyl Methane - Harsh geranium leaf, orange flower.


Di Phenyl Oxide - Harsh green floral geranium rose.


Ethyl Anisate - Mild, sweet anisic, fennel like.


Lavandin Oil - Floral lavender, nice and sweet.


Methyl Phenyl Acetaldehyde - Powerful, refreshing, fruity, sweet floral note.


Orange Oil Bitter - Bright bitter odor of oranges.


Phenyl Propyl Propionate - Heavy and sweet, but pleasant floral.


Methyl Eugenol - Warm spicy clove like.




Amyl Butyrate - Sweet fruity plum like.


Carrot Seed Oil - Characteristic, and vegetable soup like.


Cubeb Oil - Characteristic, and peppery.


Decyl Alcohol - Sweet, fatty oily, rose character.


Galbanum Oil - Green woody like.


Hyacinth Abs. - Sharp penetrating leaf like becomes hyacinth in dilution.


Immortelle Abs. Incolore - Everlasting Abs., reminiscent of rose, orange flower, camomile.


Kuromoji Oil - Powerful, and balsamic.


Linalyl Cinnamate - Floral balsamic, lily, jasmine type.


Linalyl Formate - Fresh citrusy, green, bergamot like.


Lovage Oil - Persistent, and spicy, reminiscent of angelica root oil.


Matico Oil - Intense and reminiscent of pepper, cubeb, and mint.


Narcisus Abs. - Hay like and spicy, dilution - typical of the flower.


Nutmeg Oil - Warm spicy aromatic odor.


Octyl Alcohol - Powerful and fresh waxy orange rose character.


Opoponax Oil - Balsamic, spicy.


Orange Oil Sweet - Fruity sweet orange like.




Methyl Cinnimate - Sweet balsamic, dilution - strawberry.


Methyl Heptine Carbonate - Floral.


Petitgrain Oil - Floral woody.


Phenyl Ethyl Cinnimate - Sweet floral balsamic rose.


Terpinyl Propionate - Mild, fruity sweet balsamic character.


Amyl Benzyl Ether - Reminiscent of gardenia.




Para Cresyl Phenyl Acetate - Tenacious narcissus, jonquil type.


Elemi Oil - Fresh spicy lemon.


Orris Concrete - Floral violet like.


Phenyl Propyl Alcohol - Sweet balsamic floral.




Basil Oil - Fresh, somewhat herbaceous penetrating oil.


Cananga Oil - Sweet and floral jasmin like.


Fennel Oil - Sweet odor of aniseed.


Lemongrass Oil - Verbena green like.


Mastic Oil - Balsamic, recalls turpentine oil.


Methyl Ionone - Floral violet like.


Palmarosa Oil - Sweet floral rose.


Phenyl Propyl Acetate - Sweet, floral fruity, and mildly balsamic odor.


Phenyl Propyl Iso Butyrate - Tenacious fruity balsamic, sweet character.


Reseda Abs. - Intense herbaceous green, watercress like tone.


Middle Notes




Anisyl Acetate - Mild fruity floral, slightly balsamic.


Cinnamyl Acetate - Tenacious sweet, woody, rose - vetivert odor.


Cinnamyl Formate - Green herbaceous, dry balsamic.


Citronella Java - Verbena.


Dill Seed Oil - Sweet, spicy and somewhat minty.


Guaiacwood Oil - Balsamic and sweet, recalling tea roses.


Heliotropine - Sweet warm floral slightly spicy, dilution - cherry pie.


Skatole - A choking, indole like odor.


Styrax Oil - Balsamic sweet.


Rose Otto, Bulgarian - Sweet floral rose.




Amyl Anisate - Soft fragrant, suggestive of heliotrope.


Eugenol - Powerful warm spicy clove like odor.


Phenyl Propyl Phenyl Acetate - Warm floral musk animal like odor.


Serpolet Oil - Spicy, see thyme oil wild.




Melissa Oil - A herbaceous fruity verbena oil.


Tetra Hydro Geraniol - Harsh floral rose odor.




Calamus Oil - Earthy and aromatic, reminiscent of patchouli.


Majoram Oil - Tenacious, and reminiscent of nutmeg and mint.


Orris Abs. - Floral green violet like odor.


Phenoxy Ethyl Iso Butyrate - Fruity sweet, rosy floral.


Styrolyl Valerianate - Woody.


Violet Leaves Abs. - Floral violet leafy green type odor.




Phenyl Ethyl Iso Butyrate - Warm sweet floral rose.


Verbena Oil - Fresh fragrant citrus oil.




Clary Sage Oil - Reminiscent of ambergris, musk, neroli and lavender.




Amyl Benzoate - Balsamic, sweet, slightly ambergris.


Angelica Seed Oil - A mixture of musk and pepper with a spicy top note.


Anisaldehyde - Powerful sweet floral, recalling hawthorne.


Elemi Resin - Fresh, spicy lemon.


Indole - A powerful choking odor, extreme dilution - floral jasmin.


Ionone Alpha - Floral violet.


Ionone Beta - Floral woody violet like odor.


Methyl Anthranilate - Grape like linden orange blossom.


Myrrh Resin - Attractive, slightly spicy, and aromatic.


Rosemary Oil - A floral odor reminiscent of certain notes of lavender.




Benzyl Iso Eugenol - Sweet floral carnation like odor.


Cinnamon Leaf Oil - Sweet spicy odor.


Cinnamyl Propionate - Fruity balsamic.


Cloves - Warm spicy eugenol like odor.


Geranyl Formate - Floral rose sweet green leafy like.


Linalyl Anthranilate - Floral grape like odor.


Orange Flower Water Abs. - Sweet woody floral odor.


Phenyl Cresyl Oxide - Warm odor.




Broom Abs. - Sweet and honey like.


Methoxy Acetophenone - Musty hawthorne type odor.


Parsley Oil - Herbaceous and spicy, typical of the fresh plant.




Anisyl Acetate - Sweet floral with a delicate vanilla note.


Araucaria Oil - Pleasant rose type.


Cinnamon Bark - Spicy.


Ethyl Cinnimate - Balsamic odor, in dilution orange preserves like.


Ethyl Furfurhydracrylate - Somewhat woody, warm, tea like slightly floral.


Geranium, African, French - Geranium rose.


Geranyl Acetate - Sweet floral rose.


Jonquille Abs. - Contains jasmine, rose, strolyl acetate, traces basil.


Ylang Ylang, Manilla - Fruity sweet floral odor with a spicy note.




Methyl Iso Eugenol - Warm sweet spicy odor.




Eucalyptus Citiodota - Camphoraceous cool odor.


Iso Butyl Methyl Anthranilate - Ethereal sweet fruity grape like odor.


Methyl Phenyl Acetate - Warm honey sweet floral odor.




Citronellyl Benzoate - Warm slightly sweet floral rose balsamic odor.




Cinnamyl Butyrate - Mild and fruity balsamic.




Cascarilla Oil - Aromatic and slightly peppery.


Geranium Bourbon - Geranium rose.




Ambrette Seed Oil - A warm animal musk odor.


Cardamon Oil - Balsamic slightly spicy odor.


Gingergrass Oil - Spicy, herbaceous.




Orange Flower Abs. - Warm slightly spicy, bitter orange type.




Ethyl Laurinate - Mild, oily fatty with a fruity flowery character.


Para Methyl Hydro Cinnamic Aldehyde - Powerful sweet, warm floral heliotrope type.




Zdravets Oil - Persistent and reminiscent of clary sage.




Celery Root Oil - Persistent spicy, celery like and characteristic.




Di Methyl Anthranilate - A sweet grape like odor.




Hop Oil - Typical harsh, and bitter odor.




Hyssop Oil - Sweet and camphoraceous.


Rhodinyl Propionate - Fruity sweet rose like odor.


Ylang Ylang, Bourbon - Fruity sweet floral odor with a spicy note.




Mace Oil - Typical of the nutmeg, and spicy.




Acetyl Iso Eugenol - Carnation like spicy odor.


Amyl Cinnimate - Balsamic, mild amber, cocoa bean like.




Eugenyl Formate - Warm woody dry odor with a slight green tone.


Iso Butyl Cinnamate - Balsamic


Jasmin Abs. - Fruity sweet floral jasmin.


Rose Abs. - Floral rose.


Tuberose Abs. - Peculiar almost over powering floral odor.


Bornyl Acetate - Sweet herbaceous reminiscent of pine needles.


Cassia Oil - Intense and cinnamon like.




Anisic Alcohol - Mild floral sweet odor reminiscent of lilac and hawthorne.




Phenyl Propyl Aldehyde - Floral hyacinth lilac, balsamic green type.


Undecylic Alcohol - Floral fruity, slightly fatty character.


Neroli Bigarade - Sweet, spicy orange blossom.




Cedryl Acetate - A faint woody cedar odor.




Nerolidol - A delicate floral green odor.




Benzyl Phenyl Acetate - Fruity warm honey like odor.


Citral - A strong lemony odor.


Rhodinyl Formate - A green leafy floral rose like odor.




Amyl Phenyl Acetate - A warm sweet honey fruity odor.




Cinnamic Alcohol - A balsamic floral odor.




Linalyl Salicylate - Very mild musk sweet, faint floral.


Jasmin Decolore - A colorless floral jasmin sweet odor.






Cassie Abs. Farnesiana - A floral spicy type odor.




Methyl Napthyl Ketone - Sweet floral orange blossom.




Civet Abs. - A strong fecal like odor of the civet cat.




Hydroxycitronellal - A delicate sweet refreshing muguet floral odor.




Phenyl Acetaldehyde Di Me Acetal - Intense green leafy odor.




Octyl Aldehyde - Powerful harsh fatty sweeter & more orange in dilution.




Ethyl Methyl Phenyl Glycidate - Sweet fruity strawberry like.




Cyclamen Aldehyde - A green floral stem like odor.




Galbanum Resin - A sharp musky balsamic odor.


Opoponax Resin - Balsamic and reminiscent of olibanum.


Orris Oleo Resin - Woody violet like.


Rhodinyl Acetate - A sweet floral rose.


Santal Australian - Woody sandalwood like.


Tarragon Oil - Powerful and persistent reminiscent of anise.


Jasmin Chassis In color - A fruity sweet colorless floral jasmin odor.




Phenyl Ethyl Phenyl Acetate - A warm honey rose odor.


Undecalactone - Peach.




Angelica Root Oil - Pleasant aromatic, mixture of musk and pepper, spicy top.


Birch Bud Oil - Balsamic.




Arnica Flowers - The odor has a heady odor.




Acetate Eugenol - Sweet spicy.


Ambergris Extract, 3 % - Animal.


Amyl Cinnamic Aldehyde - Oily floral material reminiscent of many types of flowers.


Amyl Oxy Iso Eugenol - Heavy sweet, balsamic floral, faintly spicy odor.


Benzoin - Sweet warm balsamic.


Benzophenone - A faint geranium rose like odor.


Birch Tar Oil - A powerful woody smoky, phenolic odor.


Castoreum Abs. - An animal odor of the castoreum beaver.


Cinnamic Alcohol - Faintly sweet balsamic floral odor.


Costus Oil - A woody odor reminiscent of old precious wood.


Coumarin - Sweet herbaceous warm slightly spicy, in dilution hay like.


Cypress Oil - Powerful warm spicy.


Decyl Aldehyde - Powerful waxy orange peel like odor.


Ethyl Vanillin - Sweet warm vanilla like odor.


Gamma Nonyl Lactone - Creamy coconut, fruity.


Guaiacwood Oil - Balsamic and sweet recalling tea roses.


Immortelle Abs. - Everlasting absolute.


Iso Eugenol - A warm floral carnation like odor.


Iso Eugenol Phenyl Acetate - A honey spicy like floral odor.


Labdanum - A powerful sweet odor recalling ambergris.


Linalyl Phenyl Acetate - A floral honey like odor.


Methyl Nonyl Acetaldehyde - Powerful and diffusive, slightly orange with dry ambre tone.


Musks Artificial - An animal musk like odor.


Oakmoss - Moss.


Olibanum Oil & Resin - Highly balsamic and spicy.


Patchouli Oil - Sweet, outstanding herbaceous odor.


Pepper Oil - Reminiscent of black pepper.


Peru Balsam - Balsamic sweet reminiscent of vanilla.


Phenyl Acetic Acid - Sweet animalic honey like.


Pimento Oil - Fragrant and balsamic resembling clove, cubeb, nutmeg.


Rhodinyl Phenyl Acetate - A sweet honey rose like odor.


Sandalwood East Indies - Woody slightly sweet sandalwood odor.


Styrax Resin - Balsamic.


Santalyl Phenyl Acetate - A woody sweet honey odor.


Tolu Balsam - Warm balsamic, hyacinth like.


Tonka Resinoid - Pleasant and herbaceous with slight caramel & coumarin.


Aldehyde C - 11 - Powerful waxy floral odor with fruity overtones.


Vanillin - Sweet fruity warm vanilla like odor.


Vetivert - Sweet, dry woody of the sandalwood type.


Early Note's


Name Description Family Molecular Weight. Boiling Point $ per pound
Acetate Eugenol Carnation Eugenol 206.2 282 7.00
Acetate Iso Eugenol Balsamic Spicy Iso Eugenol 206.2 - 14.61
Acetate PA Pineapple Ester 152.1 265 11.25
Acetate C - 8 Fruity, Waxy Ester 172.2 208 11.25
Acetophenone Hawthorne - 120.1 - 2.58
Adoxal Waxy rosy - 210.3 - 57.50
Argumen Aldehyde Floral Aldehyde - - 29.75
Alcohol C - 10 Orange Ester 158.3 233 18.00
Aldehyde C - 6 Fatty green Aldehyde 100.1 131 21.00
Aldehyde C - 7 Fruity fermenting Aldehyde 114.1 153.1 22.68
Aldehyde C - 8 Woody green Aldehyde 128.2 170 7.00
Aldehyde C - 9 Fatty floral Aldehyde 142.2 191 8.90
Aldehyde C - 10 Orange Aldehyde 156.2 209 5.50
Aldehyde C - 11 Lenic Waxy rosy Aldehyde 168.2 235 22.50
Aldehyde C - 12 Lauric Waxy herbaceous Aldehyde 184.3 235 9.10
Aldehyde C - 12 MNA Amber Aldehyde 184.3 - 17.20
Aldehyde C - 14 Peach Aldehyde 184.3 - 9.64

Aldehyde C - 18






Allyl Amyl Glycolate Pineapple Ester 186.2 - 51.00
Allyl Caproate Fruity pineapple Ester 156.2 185 6.00
Allyl Cyclo Hexyl Propionate Pineapple Ester 196.2 - 17.25
Alpha Fenchyl Alcohol Camphoraceous Alcohol - - 5.85
Allyl Heptoate Fruity banana Ester 170.2 210 6.75
Allyl Ionone Violet - 232.3 265 52.90
Alpha Damascone Rose - - - 148.00
Alpha Ionone Violet - 192.3 237 20.95
Alpha Ionone White Coeur Violet - 192.3 237 18.75
Alpha Pinene Coniferous Turpentine 136.2 157 2.25
Alpha Terpineol Lilac Pine Oil 154.2 219 1.22
Ambrettex XNM Animal - - - 12.50
Amyl Acetate Fruity banana Ester 130.1 142 1.95
Amyl Benzoate Balsamic mild Ester 192.2 262 3.65
Amyl Butyrate Ethereal Fruity Ester 158.2 186.4 4.95
ACA Di Methyl Acetal Floral Aldehyde 360 - 4.95
Amyl Cinnamic Aldehyde Floral Aldehyde 202.3 285 2.30
Amyl Propionate Fruity apricot Ester 144.2 161 5.75
Amyl Salicylate Herbaceous green Ester 208.2 277 2.25
Amyl Vinyl Carbinol Earthy Grignard 128.2 175 54.90
Amyris Acetate Woody Amyris Oil - - 38.55
Amyris Oil Woody Essential Oil - - 15.00
Anethole Basil Anise 148.2 236 8.00
Anisic Aldehyde Hawthorne Aldehyde 136.1 248 5.00
Anisyl Acetate Floral Ester 180.2 235 24.50
Anisyl Formate Green floral Ester 166.2 - 28.25
Aphermate Woody Ester 184.3 - 7.80
Apple Oliffac Apple - - - 13.25
Armoise Oil Herbaceous green Essential Oil - - 28.12
Aurantiol Floral Schiff Base 305.4 - 15.60
Bacdanol Sandalwood - 208.3 - 40.00
Balsam Copaiba Balsamic Essential Oil - - 6.00
Balsam Peru Oil Vanilla Essential Oil - - 18.50
Bay Oil West Indies Spicy Essential Oil - - 26.50
Benzaldehyde Bitter almonds Aldehyde 106.1 179 1.05
Benzoin Essence B - 265 Vanilla balsamic Essential Oil - - 35.40
Benzoin Resin Vanilla balsamic Essential Oil - - 30.00
Benzophenone Geranium rose Ketone 182.2 306 3.65
Benzyl Acetate Floral sweet Ester 150.1 215 1.35
Benzyl Alcohol Faintly sweet B Chloride 180.1 205 1.20
Benzyl Benzoate Faintly balsamic Ester 212.2 324 1.60
Benzyl Butyrate Fruity floral Ester 178.2 240 5.80
Benzyl Cinnimate Balsamic Floral Ester 238.2 - 13.50
Benzyl Phenyl Acetate Honey floral Ester 236.2 317 11.60
Benzyl Propionate Fruity sweet Ester 164.2 222 5.50
Benzyl Salicylate Faintly sweet Ester 164.2 222 5.50
Bergamot FCC Orange Essential Oil - - 105
Bergamot N/S Orange Essential Oil - - 100.00
Beta Damascone Rosy fruity - - - 218.00
Beta Pinene Resinous piney Turpentine 136.2 166 2.50
BHT Preservative - - - 1.82
Birch Tar Oil Phenolic Essential Oil - - 36.50
Bisabolene Spicy - 204.3 - 32.70
Boise De Rose Oil Rose citrus Essential Oil - - 16.00
Cabreuva Oil Woody Essential Oil - - 49.00
Camphene Tech Camphoraceous A. Pinene 136.2 - 4.90
Camphor Powder Minty ethereal Wood Oil 142.2 - 2.00
Cananga Oil Floral Essential Oil - - 12.00
Canthoxal Anise sweet - - - 63.80
Caraway Oil Spicy Essential Oil - - 25.00
Cardamon Oil Spicy Essential Oil - - 150.00
Carvacol Medicinal Para Cymene 151.2 238 7.20
Cashmeran Musk - 206.2 - 121.70
Castoreum Resin Beaver Essential Oil - - 237.60
Cassia Oil Cinnamon Essential Oil - - -
Cedarleaf Oil Camphoraceous Essential Oil - - 34.00
Cedarwood Oil Texas Crude Cedar Essential Oil - - 3.75
Cedarwood Oil of Virginia Cedar Essential Oil - - 6.20
Cedramber Woody Esther 236.4 - 47.80
Cedrene Woody camphor Cedar 204.3 262 5.50
Cedrenyl Acetate Faint woody Cedrene 264.3 - 9.75
Cedryl Acetate Woody leathery Cedrol 264.4 - 8.00
Celestolide Musk - 244.4 - 27.75
Chamomile Oliffac Herbaceous - - - 8.00
Cinnamalva Spicy Nitrile 129.2 - 52.00
Cinnamic Aldehyde Spicy Aldehyde 132.10 252 2.05
Citral Lemony Aldehyde 152.2 228 6.19
Citralva Citrus lemony Nitrile 149.2 222 11.75
Citroflex 2 Wine Ester 276.2 294 2.59
Citronella Oil Java Verbena Essential Oil - - 3.05
Citronellol Oil Coeur Floral rose Alcohol 156.2 225 4.56
Citronellyl Acetate Sweet rose Ester 198.3 229 6.90
Citronellyl Butyrate Fruity rose Ester 226.3 245 10.50
Citronellyl Formate Green leafy Ester 184.2 235 9.55
Citronellyl Propionate Fruit rose Ester 212.3 242 11.80
Civet Powder Animal Essential Oil - - 21.80
Clonal Orange peel Nitrile 191.3 - 20.00
Clove Bud Oil Clove spicy Essential Oil - - 17.24
Clove Stem Oil Clove Essential Oil - - 4.10
Coriander Oil Spicy candy Essential Oil - - 44.00
Cornmint Oil Brazil Minty Essential Oil - - 10.00
Costus Oil Precious wood Essential Oil - - 138.00
Coumarin Herbaceous - 146.1 291 7.00
Cumin Oil Green spicy Essential Oil - - 83.46
Cyclamen Aldehyde Green stem Aldehyde 190.2 - 13.05
Cyclogalbonate Herbaceous green Ester - - 40.00
Cyclotene Maple - 130.5 - 40.00
Delphone Jasmin - - - 37.00
Di Ethyl Malonate Apple - 160.7 199 2.75
Di Ethyl Phthalate (DEP) Solvent Ester 222.2 299 .86
Di Hydro Anethole Sweet basil Anethole 150.2 225 21.00
Di Hydro Iso Eugenol Spicy Eugenol 162.2 250 8.50
Di Hydro Myrcenol Lime citrusy - 256.2 - 5.10
D'Limonene Citrus orange - 136.2 177 1.10
Di Methyl Anthranilate Grape - 165.2 256 23.60
Di Methyl Benzyl Carbinyl Floral - 150.2 215 20.00
D M B C - Acetate Fruity floral Ester 192.2 250 11.90
D M B C - Butyrate Fruity plum Ester 220.3 - 16.50
D M B C - Propionate Floral fruity Ester 220.3 - 16.50
Di Methyl Hydro Quinone Herbaceous - - - 13.00
DIOLA Lavender Ester 116.2 - 16.00
Dipentene 122 Lemon Pine Oil 136.2 178 1.01
Di Phenyl Oxide Geranium rose Coat Tar - 287 2.00
Di Propylene Glycol (DPG) Solvent Glycerin 76.1 189 .60
Dupical Muguet - - - 113.40
Ethyl Aceto Acetate Ethereal - 130.1 181 12.35
Ethyl Benzoate Floral fruity Ester 150.1 212 4.25
Ethyl Butyrate Ethereal fruity Ester 116.1 121 2.20
Ethyl Cinnimate Balsamic fruity Ester 176.2 271 12.70
Ethyl Linalool Floral Ester 168.2 - 20.20
Ethyl Phenyl Acetate Honey sweet Ester 192.2 - 9.75
Ethyl 2 Methyl Butyrate Apple skin Ester 130.1 - 23.79
Ethyl Vanillin Vanilla Aldehyde 166.1 - 13.50
Ethylene Brassylate Musk Ester - 332 20.50
Eucalyptol Camphoraceous - 154.2 175 5.76
Eugenol Spicy - 164.2 253 2.75
Exaltolide Animal Lactone 240.3 280 69.00
Farnesol Oil Green floral Linalool 222.3 2263 69.00
Fir Needle Canadian Pine Essential Oil - - 10.75
Fir Needle Siberian Pine Essential Oil - - 11.75
Fixolide Musk - - - 23.95
Floralzone Fresh air - - - 19.80
Fructone Winey - 174.2 - 14.75
Galaxolide 50 Musk - 258.4 - 8.75
Galbanum Coeur Green - - - 953.00
Galbanum Resin Balsamic green Essential Oil - - 100.00
Geraniol Sweet rose Alcohol 154.2 230 4.65
Geraniol 60 Sweet rose fraction Alcohol 154.2 - 3.10
Geranium Egyptian Geranium rose Isomeric Mixture - - 24.50
Geranyl Acetate Sweeter rose Ester 196.2 245 7.45
Geranyl Benzoate Fruity rosy Ester 258.3 305 43.10
Geranyl N Butyrate Fruity rose Ester 224.3 253.9 9.10
Geranyl Formate Leafy rose Ester 182.2 216 9.50
Geranyl Phenyl Acetate Honey rose Ester 272.3 - 35.90
Geranyl Propionate Fruity rose Ester 210.3 253 14.50
Grapefruit Oil of Florida Grapefruit Essential Oil - - 5.19
Guaicwood Oil Smoky Essential Oil - - 4.75
Grapefruit Oil Terpenes Grapefruit Essential Oil - - 1.40
Hedione Jasmin - - - 13.50
Helional Hay like Anisole 130.1 - 42.50
Heliotropine Spicy Iso Safrole 150.1 263 11.75
Hercolyn - D Odorless Turpentine 318.5 366 3.21
Hexyl Acetate Pear like Ester 144.2 172 5.50
Hexyl N Butyrate Fruity Ester 172.2 208 15.20
Hexyl Cinnamic Aldehyde Sweet oily Benzaldehyde 216.3 305 3.00
Hexyl Salicylate Herbaceous Ester 222.2 290 5.25
Hydrofix L Floral lily - - - 4.50
Hydroxycitronellal Muguet Aldehyde 173.2 241 9.50
Hysimal Lily of the Valley Aldehyde - - 8.80
Indole Floral Coal Tar 232.3 - 31.80
Ionone Alpha Extra Violet - 192.3 237 20.95
Ionone Alpha White Coeur Violet - 192.3 237 18.75
Iso Borneol Crystals Camphoraceous Camphor 154.2 214 4.30
Iso Butyl Acetate Ethereal Ester 116.1 116 2.45
Iso E Super Woody amber - 234.2 - 27.30
Iso Eugenol Carnation Eugenol - - 5.75
Iso Jasmone Jasmin Isomeric - - 65.00
Iso Menthone Minty - 154.2 208 14.70
Iso Nonyl Acetate Fruity Acetylation 186.3 - 2.55
Jasmal Jasmin Isomeric 244.3 - 11.00
Jasmin 187 Jasmin - - - 215.00
Jasmonyl Jasmin Isomeric - - 7.50
Jessemal Jasmin Isomeric - - 7.30
Kephalis Woody - - - 32.06
Kir Base # 9741 Woody - - - 23.60
Labdanum Resin Balsamic Essential Oil - - 22.50
Laevo Bornyl Crystals Woody Camphor 154.2 212 9.50
Lavandin Grosso Herbaceous Essential Oil - - 7.40
Lavender Oil 40/42 Herbaceous Isomeric - - 19.00
Leaf Acetate Green - - - 47.90
Leaf Alcohol Fruity green - 100.1 157 42.50
Leather 3768 - LWS Leather - - - 8.75
Lemongrass Oil Guatemala Grassy lemon Essential Oil - - 7.00
Lemon Oil Italian Lemon Essential Oil - - 14.06
Lemon Terpenes Lemon Essential Oil - - 2.85
Lilial Lily Aldehyde 204.3 258 8.75
Lime Oil 410 Lime - - - 55.10
Lime Terpenes Lime Essential Oil - - 3.75
Linalool Floral - 154.2 198 5.00
Linalyl Acetate Fruity - 196.2 198 5.50
Litsea Cubeba Lemon - - - 5.50
Lyral Green floral Isomeric 210.3 - 9.80
Maltol Fruity - 126.1 - 45.36
Mandarin Italian Select Mandarin orange Essential Oil - - 28.12
Maritima Fresh air - 229.2 - 85.00
Mayol Green - - - 51.00
Melon Oliffac Melon - - - 51.00
Menthanyl Acetate Piney citrusy - - - 13.20
Menthol Crystals Peppermint Essential Oil 156.2 - 8.00
Menthol Racemic Peppermint Essential Oil 156.2 216 7.80
Methyl Amyl Ketone Spicy Ketone 114.1 152 15.50
Methyl Benzoate Deep floral Ester 136.1 200 2.80
Methyl Chavicole Sweet herbaceous - 148.2 216 49.00
Methyl Cinnimate Balsamic Ester 162.1 263 6.55
Methyl Cinnamic Aldehyde Spicy Aldehyde 146.1 - 5.30
Methyl Eugenol Spicy Eugenol 178.2 249 8.75
Methyl Ionone Alpha Extra Violet Ionone - - 15.80
Methyl Ionone Beta Ceour Woody violet Ionone - - 29.95
Methyl Iso Eugenol Spicy Isomeric 178.2 270 7.90
Methyl Lavender Ketone Lavender Ketone - - 141.70
Methyl Octine Carbonate Violet leaf - 168.2 220 67.50
Methyl Phenyl Acetate Honey musk - 150.1 220 6.50
Methyl Salicylate Wintergreen Ester 152.2 223 2.25
Mousse De Metra Oakmoss - - - 45.36
Musk Ambrette Floral musk Nitro Musk 268.2 - 9.00
Musk Ketone Musk Ketone 294.3 - 8.00
Musk Tibetine Musk Nitro Musk 266.3 - 28.50
Musk Xylol Musk Nitro Musk 297.2 - 2.80
Myrcene Citrusy Beta Pinene 136.2 167 4.45
Nerol Sweet rose Isomeric 153.2 227 5.85
Nerolin Bromelia Crystals Floral Beta Naphthol 200.2 - 6.25
Neryl Acetate Raspberry rose Geranyl Acetate 196.2 231 11.25
Nopol Woody Beta Pinene 166.2 220 3.85
Nopyl Acetate Woody fruity Nopol 208.3 234 3.05
Ocotea Cymbarium Sassafras Safrole 1162.1 235 5.00
Ocimene Herbaceous Pinene 136.2 177 144.00
Olibanum Resin Terpeney green Essential Oil - - 16.78
Orange Aldehyde Fatty orange n Octanol 128.2 170 26.00
Orange Oil of California Orange Essential Oil - - 1.25
Orange Terpenes Orange Essential Oil - - .85
Oranger Crystals Orange blossom - 170.2 - 20.05
Osyrol Sandalwood - - - 18.50
Para Cresyl Acetate Lily P Cresol 150.1 - 13.40
Para Cymene Gassy kerosene D ' Limonene 134.2 179 3.00
Patchone Woody - 156.2 - 9.07
Patchouli Dark Herbaceous Essential Oil - - 11.25
Patchouli MD Herbaceous Essential Oil - - 14.00
Peach Oliffac Peach - - - 13.45
Penny Royal American Mint Essential Oil - - 20.50
Peppermint Oil Natural Minty Essential Oil - - 28.50
Peru Balsam Resin Balsamic Essential Oil - - -
Petitgrain Oil SA Floral woody Essential Oil - - 14.10
Phenoxy Ethyl Iso Butyrate Fruity rosy Ester 208.2 265 7.50
Phenyl Acetaldehyde Hyacinth Aldehyde 120.1 206 13.15
Phenyl Ethyl Acetate Honey rosy Ester 164.2 232 5.00
Phenyl Ethyl Alcohol Honey rose - 122.1 220 3.00
Phenyl Ethyl Cinnimate Balsamic rose - 252.3 - 30.00
Phenyl Ethyl Propionate Fruity rosy Ester 248.2 240 13.15
Phenyl Ethyl Salicylate Balsamic rosy Ester 248.2 300 18.20
Piconia Woody - 220.2 - 12.80
Pine Oil Yarmor # 302 Pine Pine Oil - - 1.03
Raspberry Ketone Raspberry Ketone 164.2 - 28.00
Rosalva Waxy rose - 156.2 - 4.75
Rose Crystals Green rosy Acetylation 267.5 282 4.75
Rosemary Oil Spanish Herbaceous Essential Oil - - 7.00
Sage Oil Clary Spicy Essential Oil - - 65.00
Sandalore Sandalwood - - - 28.25
Sandela Sandalwood - - - 5.50
Scentenal Green - - - 11.75
Spearmint Native Spearmint Essential Oil - - 15.75
Spearmint Terpenes Spearmint Essential Oil - - 4.50
Stemone Green - - - 15.25
Styrallyl Acetate Green Ester 164.2 214 3.50
Strawberry Oliffac Strawberry - - - -
Styrax Resinoid Balsamic Essential Oil - - 5.00
Tangerine Oil of Florida Fruity Essential Oil - - 15.54
Terpineol Prime Lilac Pine Oil 154.2 219 1.38
Terpinoline 20 Piney - - - 2.25
Terpinoline 90 Hydrocarbon - - - 1.79
Terpinyl Acetate Herbaceous Ester 196.2 220 1.80
Thymol Crystals Medicinal P Cresol 150.2 233 5.75
Tobacco Abs. Tobacco Essential Oil - - 340.2
Tolu Balsam Resin Balsamic Essential Oil - - 17.95
Tonalid Musk - 258.4 248 13.50
Traseolide 100 Musk - - - 25.00
Tri Cyclo Decenyl Acetate Herbaceous green Ester - - 2.35
Tri Cyclo Decenyl Propionate Fruity Ester - - 2.45
Triplal Citrus - 138.2 - 14.30
Turpentine SDW Woody Essential Oil - - 1.72
Vanillin Vanilla Aldehyde 152.1 285 6.00
Veltol Plus Fruity - 140.1 - 55.62
Vertenex Woody - 198.3 232 2.45
Vertofix Woody Ketone 246.4 - 10.00
2.6 Xylenol Leather - - - 12.25


Beer Flavor Wheel - by Rich Webb


The following text is courtesy of the brewery organization, and has been provided by Richard Webb.  It describes the language of the well-known "Beer Flavor Wheel", but in a chart, or log, form. The "Beer Flavor Wheel" is an attempt to standardize a language through which beer tasters can agree on a word-to-flavor correlation.  If you examine the following carefully you will notice many similarities with fragrance ingredients.


Recommended Descriptors of Beer Flavor


Relevance Key:


O: Odor

T: Taste

M: Mouthfeel

W: Warming

Af: After flavor


Class Term, Relevance, Comments/synonyms/definitions


Class 1 - Aromatic, Fragrant, Fruity, Floral


0110 Alcoholic OTW The general effect of ethanol and higher alcohols

0111 Spicy OTW Allspice, nutmeg, peppery, eugenol. See also 1003 Vanilla

0112 Vinous OTW Bouquet, fusely, wine-like (White wine)

0120 Solvent-like OT Like chemical solvents

0121 Plastics OT Plasticizers

0122 Can-liner OT Lacquer-like

0123 Acetone

0130 Estery OT Like aliphatic esters

0131 Iso Amyl Acetate OT Banana, pear drop

0132 Ethyl Hexanoate OT Apple-like with note of aniseed. See 0142 Apple

0133 Ethyl acetate OT Light fruity, solvent-like. See also 0120 Solvent like

0140 Fruity OT Of specific fruits or mixtures of fruits

0141 Citrus OT Citral, grapefruit, lemony, orange-rind

0142 Apple

0143 Banana

0144 Blackcurrant OT Blackcurrant fruit. For Blackcurrant leaves use 0810 Catty

0145 Melony

0146 Pear

0147 Raspberry

0148 Strawberry 


0150 Acetaldehyde OT Green apples, raw apple skin, bruised apples

0160 Floral OT Like flowers, fragrant

0161 2-Phenylethanol OT Rose-like

0162 Geraniol OT Rose-like, different from 0161. Taster should compare the pure chemicals

0163 Perfumery OT Scented

0170 Hoppy OT Fresh hop aroma. Use with other terms to describe stale hop aroma. Does not include hop bitterness (See 1200 Bitter)

0171 Kettle-hop OT Flavor imparted by aroma hops boiled in the kettle.

0172 Dry-hop OT Flavor imparted by dry hops added in tank or cask.

0173 Hop oil OT Flavor imparted by addition of distilled hop oil.


Class 2 - Resinous, Nutty, Green, Grassy


0210 Resinous OT Fresh sawdust, resin, cedarwood, pinewood, sprucy, terpenoid.

0211 Woody OT Seasoned wood (uncut)

0220 Nutty OT As in Brazil-nut, hazelnut, sherry-like

0221 Walnut OT Fresh (not rancid) walnut

0222 Coconut

0223 Beany OT Bean soup

0224 Almond OT Marzipan

0230 Grassy

0231 Freshly-cut grass OT Green, crushed green leaves, leafy, alfalfa.

0232 Straw-like OT Hay-like


Class 3 - Cereal


0310 Grainy OT Raw grain flavor

0311 Husky OT Husk-like, chaff, 'Glattwasser'.

0312 Corn grits OT Maize grits, adjuncty

0313 Mealy OT Like flour

0320 Malty

0330 Worty OT Fresh wort aroma. Use with other terms to describe infected wort, e.g. 0731 Parsnip


Class 4 - Caramelized, Roasted


0410 Caramel OT Burnt sugar, toffee-like

0411 Molasses OT Black treacle, treacly.

0412 Licorice

0420 Burnt OTM Scorched aroma, dry mouthfeel and sharp acrid taste.

0421 Bread-crust OTM Charred toast.

0422 Roast-barley OTM Chocolate malt.

0423 Smoky OT


Class 5 - Phenolic


0500 Phenolic OT

0501 Tarry OT Pitch, faulty pitching of containers.

0502 Bakelite

0503 Carbolic OT Phenol.

0504 Chlorophenol OT Trichlorophenol (TCP), hospital-like.

0505 Iodoform OT Iodophors, hospital-like, pharmaceutical.


Class 6 - Soapy, Fatty, Diacetyl, Oily, Rancid


0610 Fatty acid

0611 Caprylic OT Soapy, fatty, goaty, tallowy.

0612 Cheesy OT Dry, stale cheese, old hops. Hydrolytic rancidity.

0613 Isovaleric OT Dry, stale cheese, old hops. Hydrolytic rancidity.

0614 Butyric OT Rancid butter.

0620 Diacetyl OT Butterscotch, buttermilk

0630 Rancid OT Oxidative rancidity.

0631 Rancid oil OTM Oxidative rancidity.

0640 Oily

0641 Vegetable oil OTM As in refined vegetable oil.

0642 Mineral oil OTM Gasoline (petrol), kerosene (paraffin), machine oil.


Class 7 - Sulphury


0700 Sulphury OT

0710 Sulphitic OT Sulphur dioxide, striking-match, choking, sulphurous-SO2

0720 Sulphidic OT Rotten egg, sulphury-reduced, sulphurous-RSH

0721 H2S OT Rotten egg

0722 Mercaptan OT Lower mercaptans, drains, stench

0723 Garlic

0724 Lightstruck OT Skunky, sunstruck

0725 Autolysed OT Rotting yeast (see also 0740 Yeasty).

0727 Shrimp-like OT Water in which shrimp have been cooked

0730 Cooked vegetable OT Mainly dialkyl sulphides, sulphurous-RSR

0731 Parsnip / celery OT An effect of wort infection

0732 DMS OT Dimethyl sulphide

0733 Cooked tomato OT Tomato juice (processed), tomato ketchup.

0736 Cooked onion

0740 Yeasty OT Fresh yeast, flavor of heated thiamine (see also 0725 Autolysed).

0741 Meaty OT Brothy, cooked meat, meat extract, peptone, yeast broth.


Class 8 - Oxidized, Stale, Musty


0800 Stale OTM Old beer, overaged, over pasteurized.

0810 Catty OT Blackcurrant leaves, ribes, tomato plants, oxidized beer.

0820 Papery OT An initial stage of staling, bready (stale bread crumb), cardboard, old beer, oxidized.

0830 Leathery OT A later stage of staling, then often used in conjunction with 0211 Woody.

0840 Moldy OT Cellar-like, leaf-mold, woodsy.

0841 Earthy OT Actinomycetes, damp soil, freshly dug soil, diatomaceous earth.

0842 Musty OT Fusty.


Class 9 - Sour, acidic


9000 Acidic OT Pungent aroma, sharpness of taste, mineral acid.

0910 Acetic OT Vinegar

0920 Sour OT Lactic, sour milk, Use with 0141 for citrus-sour.


Class 10 - Sweet


1000 Sweet OT

1001 Honey OT Can occur as an effect of beer staling, e.g. the odor of stale beer in a glass, oxidized (stale) honey.

1002 Jam-like OT May be qualified by sub-classes of 0140 Fruity.

1003 Vanilla OT Custard powder, vanillin.

1004 Primings

1005 Syrupy OTM Clear (golden) syrup.

1006 Oversweet OT Sickly sweet, cloying.


Class 11 - Salty


1100 Salty T


Class 12 - Bitter


1200 Bitter TAF


Class 13 - Mouthfeel


1310 Alkaline TMAf Flavor imparted by accidental admixture of alkaline detergent.

1320 Mouthcoating MAf Creamy, 'onctueux' (Fr.).

1330 Metallic OTMAf Iron, rusty water, coins, tinny, inky.

1340 Astringent MAf Mouth puckering, puckery, tannin-like, tart

1341 Drying MAf Unsweet.

1350 Powdery O Dusty cushion, irritating (with 0310 Grainy) mill room smell. TM Chalky, particulate, scratchy, silicate-like, siliceous.

1360 Carbonation M CO2 content.

1361 Flat M Under carbonated.

1362 Gassy M Over carbonated.

1370 Warming WMAf See also 0110 Alcoholic and 0111 Spicy.


Class 14 - Fullness


1410 Body OTM Fullness of flavor and mouthfeel.

1411 Watery TM Thin, seemingly diluted.

1412 Characterless OTM Bland, empty, flavorless.

1413 Satiating OTM Extra-full, filling.

1414 Thick TM Viscous, 'epais' (Fr.).


Wine Tasting Aromas - Tom Stevenson's




Acacia (F) Akazie (G) Acacia (I) Acacia (S)
The flowery autolytic aroma of a recently disgorged sparkling wine.
Methyl p-tolyl ketone

Apple Blossom
Fleur de pommier (F) Apfelblüten (G) Fiori di melo (I) Flor del manzano (S)
Youthful Riesling and Champagne.
anisic acid, amyl acetate

Oeillet (F) Nelke (G) Garofano (I) Clavel (S)
One of four olfactory defects known collectively as the 'Phenol' character, caused by an enzymic decarboxylation by yeast of two cinnamic acids.

Fleur de sureau (F) Holunderblüten (G) Fiore della bacca di sambuco (I) Flor del sauco del saúco (S)
Polite/low-key 'cat's pee', this extreme form of herbaceousness can be found in a number of grapes when harvested underripe, particularly Sauvignon Blanc, but can also be Sémillon and Cabernets.

Floral, floraux (F) Blumenbukett (G) Sapore di fiori (I) Aflorado(S)
Generic flowery aroma, usually light and fresh.
Linaloöl, 2-phenylethanol, methyl 2-methylpropanoate, various aldehydes

Flowery - Fruity
Fleuri-fruité (F) Blumig-fruchtig (G) Fiorito-fruttato (I) Aflorado-afrutado (S)
In terms of development, this could be viewed as a few months more bottle-age than floral
b-damascenone, ethyl hexanoate

Géranium (F) Geranie (G) Geranio (I) Geranio (S)
Sorbic acid (preservative that prevents refermentation in sweet wine, but has no effect on its bacterial activity) without sufficient SO2 is prone to breakdown by lactic bacteria, causing strong geranium odour (2-ethoxy-3.5-hexadiene), although other compounds can produce a similar smell, such as those created during the oxidation of geraniol (old Asti).
Hexa-2,4,dienol, 2-ethoxy hexa-3,5-diene, glycyrrhyzin, geraniol dehydrogenase


Lavande (F) Lavendel (G) Lavanda (I) Espliego (S)
Australian Rieslings often have a lime and lavender character, the latter often attributed to the addition of pectolytic enzymes to free aromatic terpenes.
Linalyl acetate

Lilas (F) Flieder (G) Lilla (I) Lila (S)
Found in some herbaceous reds and peppery Rhônes. Can be overpowering in Muscadine.

Lily of the Valley
Muguet (F) Maiglöckchen (G) Mughetto (I) Lirio del valle (S)
New World Gewürztraminer.


Lime Tree (Linden)
Tilleul (F) Lindenbaum (G) Tiglio (I) Tilo (S)
Youthful Riesling.

Magnolia (F) Magnolie (G) Magnolia (I) Magnolia (S)
Characteristic of a Muscadine grape variety actually called Magnolia, this distinctly floral aroma can also be found in wines made from other grapes.
Geranyl acetone

Fleur d'oranger (F) Orangenblüten (G) Fiori d'arancio (I) Azahar (S)
Youthful dry Muscat
Anisic acid, limonene, citronellol


Rose Petal
Pétale de rose (F) Rosenblatt (G) Petalo di rosa (I) Pétalo de rosa (S)
Rose oxide is partly responsible for the floral aspect of Gewürztraminer.
Cis-rose oxide, geraniol, nerol, irone, citronellol, citronellyl acetate, b-damascenone, 2-phenyl ethanol

Violette (F) Veilchen (G) Violetta (I) Violeta (S)
Found as part of a silky finish on a number of red wines, particularly Malbec and to a lesser extent Graves.




Pomme (F) Apfel (G) Mela (I) Manzana (S)

Ubiquitous in fresh, young white wines made from grapes that are not too ripe, though not necessarily unripe.

Amyl or iso amyl acetate, ethyl acetate, ethyl n-butanoate, phenyl ethyl acetate, diethyl malonate, methyl-3-ethyl-butanoate, 1,5-dodecanolide

See also Apple Blossom, Apple Peel, Green Apple, Stewed Apple


Apple Peel

Pelure de pomme (F) Apfelschale (G) Buccia di mela (I) Piel de manzana (S)

Pithy apple character.

Ethyl hexanoate, n-hexyl, n-butanoate, hexyl hexanoate

See also Apple Blossom, Apple, Green Apple, Stewed Apple



Abricot (F) Aprikose (G) Albicocca (I) Albaricoque (S)

Classic varietal character of Viognier, but also found in Riesling, Champagne and others. Apricot kernel (noyau d'abricot) is a more complex version.

1,4-decanolide, amyl propanoate



Banane (F) Banane (G) Banana (I) Plátano (S)

Amyl or iso amyl acetate, also known as "Banana Oil" or "Pear Oil", is characteristic of cool-fermented whites and red wines that have undergone carbonic maceration (e.g., Beaujolais Nouveau), whereas a more profound banana character found on the aftertaste of certain Alsace wines is the precursor to bottle-aged spiciness.

Amyl or iso amyl acetate, ethyl acetate, ethyl butyrate, 1-phenylethyl acetate, 1,5-dodecanolide



Műre (F) Brombeere (G) Mora di rovo (I) Zarzamora (S)

Ripe Pinot Noir.

Ethyl caprylate, ethyl hexanoate, ethyl butyrate, amyl propionate



Cassis (F) Schwarzea Johannisbeere (G) Ribes nero (I) Grosella negra (S)

Usually an attractive aroma, but can be mercaptan fault, in which case the blackcurrant will metamorphose into a garlic odour.

Ethyl acetate, ethyl formate, Mercaptohexan-1-ol



Myrtille (F) Heidelbeere (G) Mirtillo (I) Mirtillo (S)

Also known as bilberry or whortleberry, blueberry is much softer, more perfumed and less intensely flavored than blackcurrant.

Possibly hexanoate



Cerise (F) Kirsche (G) Ciliegia (I) Cereza (S)

Classic cool-climate Pinot Noir.




Agrume (F) Zitrusfrüchte (G) Agrumi (I) Citricos (S)

Part of the fresh complexity of many young white wines. Often more complex than a specific citrus fruit.

Limonene, citronellol, linaloöl



Canneberge (F) Preiselbeere (G) Ossicocco (I) Arándano (S)

Very much in the cherry-raspberry range of fruit flavours, cranberry can be found in cool-climate Syrah or herbaceous New World Merlot.

Furfural, 1-butanol


Dried Fruit

Fruits secs (F) Trockenfrüchte (G) Frutta secca (I) Frutas secas (S)

Found in wines made from sun-dried grapes (e.g., Italian Recioto), also in fortifieds such as Australian Muscat.



Figue (F) Feige (G) Fico (I) Higuera (S)

Part of the complexity of some mature fine white wines.

Ethyl propionate, isobutyl acetate



Groseille ŕ maquereau (F) Stachelbeere (G) Uva spina (I) Grosella espinosa (S)

Classic varietal character of Sauvignon Blanc, particularly when grown in Marlborough, New Zealand. Requires 4MMP with ripeness and relatively high tartaric acid. Can be enhanced by yeast strains such as Zymaflore VL3.

4MMP (4-mercapto-4-methyl pentan-2-one)



Raisin (F) Traube (G) Uva (I) Uva (S)

Few wine grapes taste grapy, Muscat being the prime exception.

Ethyl caprylate, ethyl heptanoate, ethyl pelargonate



Pamplemousse (F) Pampelmuse (G) Pompelmo (I) Pomelo (S)

Found in Gewürztraminer, Scheurebe and sometimes Chardonnay.

Mercaptohexan-1-ol, nerol



Reine-Claude (F) Reineclaude (G) Regina Claudia (I) Claudia (S)

Loire Chenin Blanc.

4-MMP (4-mercapto-4-methyl pentan-2-one)


Green Apple

Pomme verte (F) Grüner Apfel (G) Mela verde (I) Manzana verde (S)

Unripeness, usually in taste, as opposed to the pithy yet ripe fruit aroma of a Granny Smith apple.

Malic acid, acetaldehyde, hexanoate

See also Apple Blossom, Apple, Apple Peel, Stewed Apple



Citron (F) Zitrone (G) Limone (I) Limón (S)

Suggests a simple commercial quality unless part of a more complex aroma, such as citrus fruit or lemony-oak.

Citric acid, neral, limonene, citral, linaloöl

See Citrus Fruit, Grapefruit, Lemony oak, Lime, Orange



Citron vert (F) Limone (G) Limetta (I) Lima (S)

Softer, finer and more complex that lemon, found in Australian Riesling and Sémillon.




Litchi (F) Litschi (G) Litchi (I) Lichi (S)

Part of Gewürztraminer's varietal aroma, between the rose petal and spice.

Cis-rose oxide



Mandarine (F) Mandarine (G) Mandarino (I) Mandarina (S)

Softer than orange, mandarin suggests more complexity and finesse in Muscat or Riesling.




Melon (F) Melone (G) Melone (I) Melón (S)

Melon with tropical fruits can be part of warm climate Chardonnay character, but with apple and pear will simply be an amylic aroma.

Trans 2,4-nonadienal, Amyl or isoamyl acetate



Muscat (F) Muskatraube (G) Moscato (I) Moscatel (S)

The fresh, grapy aroma of the Muscat grape is an aromatic characteristic that can be found in wines other than those made from the Muscat itself.

combination of geraniol, linaloöl and nerol



Orange (F) Orange (G) Arancia (I) Naranja (S)

Many white wines, particularly Muscat and Riesling. Fortifieds.

Limonene, citronelloll, linaloöl, methyl octanoate, 2-undecanone


Passion Fruit

Fruit de la passion (F) Passionsfrucht (G) Frutto della passione (I) Pasionaria (S)

New world Sauvignon Blanc.




Pęche (F) Pfirsich (G) Pesca (I) Melocotón (S)

Ripe Riesling as typified by Rheingau and New World Chardonnay.

Piperonal, undecalactone, ethyl formate, 1,4-decanolide, 1,5-decanolide



Poire (F) Birne (G) Pera (I) Pera (S)

Amyl or iso amyl acetate , also known as "Banana Oil" or "Pear Oil", is characteristic of cool-fermented whites and red wines that have undergone carbonic maceration (e.g., Beaujolais Nouveau).

Amy or iso amyl acetate, ethyl acetate, phenyl ethyl acetate, 1,5-dodecanolide



Ananas (F) Ananas (G) Ananas (I) Pińa (S)

Often found in New World Chardonnay. Can be an indication of some botrytised grapes. Ethyl butanoate, ethyl caprylate, ethyl hexanoate, ethyl butyrate, methyl 3-methylthiopropionate, amyl propionate



Prune (F) Pflaume (G) Prugna (I) Ciruela (S)

Mostly confined to red wines, particularly Cabernet Sauvignon and/or Syrah.

Methyl butanoate



Pruneau (F) Backpflaume (G) Prugna secca (I) Ciruela pasa (S)

Italian reds.

Methyl benzoate



Coing (F) Quitte (G) Cotogna (I) Membrillo (S)

A classic reductive aroma.

Dimethyl sulphide, dimethyl disulphide



Raisin sec (F) Rosine (G) Uva passa (I) Pasa (Sp)

Fortified wines, particularly Muscat. Raisined grapes!



Framboise (F) Himbeere (G) Lampone (I) Frambuesa (S)

Herbaceous yet fruity, raspberry is classic youthful cool-climate Syrah. Also found in Pinot Noir (slightly warmer climate than cherry). In other varieties it may indicate an over-vigorous canopy.

Combination of ethyl acetate, ethyl formate and various acids and esters



Groseille rouge (F) Johannisbeere (G) Ribes rosso (I) Grosella roja (S)

Youthful Pinot Noir, probably cool-climate.



Rhubarbe (F) Rhabarber (G) Rabarbaro (I) Ruibarbo (S)

Some yeasts (e.g., Lalvin 71B-1122) tend to produce a rhubarb-like fruitiness, particularly in wines that have undergone carbonic maceration.


Stewed Apple

Pomme en compote (F) Apfelkompott (G) Mela cotta (I) Compota de manzana (S)

More distinctive than the simple amylic apple aroma.


See also Apple Blossom, Apple, Apple Peel, Green Apple



Fraise (F) Erdbeere (G) Fragole (I) Fresa (S)

Classic ripe Pinot Noir. Hybrids Castor and Pollux also have a strawberry perfume, but can be quite cloying.

Furaneol, ethyl acetate, ethyl butyrate, ethyl formate, ethyl hexanoate, methyl cinnamate


Summer Fruits

Fruits rouges (F) Sommerfrüchte (G) Frutti di bosco (I) Frutas del bosque (S)

Either more complex or less distinct medley of raspberry, strawberry, blackberry, blackcurrant.

Ethyl acetate, ethyl butyrate



Tomate (F) Tomate (G) Pomodoro (I) Tomate (S)

A ripe tomato taste can by found in some white (Sylvaner) and red (Merlot, Pinot Noir and various Italian) wines.



Tropical Fruits

Fruits tropicaux (F) Tropenfrucht (G) Frutta tropicale (I) Fruta tropical (S)

Usually New World whites, particularly Chardonnay, but can be found in Old World wines, even Champagne (from Sézanne).





Asperge (F); Spargel (G) Asparago (I) Espárrago (S)

Exaggerated pyrazine character often found in Sauvignon Blanc, asparagus will only develop with age. In a wine without any pyrazine character, it will be dimethyl disulphide.

2-Methoxy-3-isobutylpyrazine, dimethyl disulphide



Betterave (F) Rote Beete (G) and Barbabietola (I) Remolacha (S)

Earthy-vegetal character, usually a fault, with Pinot Noir the most likely recipient and geosmin (found in beetroot) the most probable culprit.

Geosmin, 2,5-dimethylpyrazine, 3- isobutyl-2-methoxypyrazine, 2-ethyl-2,4-dimethylthiazole


Bell Pepper

Poivron (F) Paprikaschote (G) Peperone (I) Pimiento (S) AKA green pepper, sweet pepper, pimento and capsicum, this is the classic pyrazine derived character of Sauvignon Blanc and Cabernet Franc. Also an indicator of canopy vigour in Cabernet Sauvignon. An earthy bell pepper aroma may seem like TCA, but can be a specific methoxypyrazine (2-methoxy-3-isopropylpyrazine).




Fčve (F) Bohne (G) Fava (I) Haba (S)

A typical Sauvignon Blanc aroma that fall between bell pepper and fresh green pea. Also found in Cabernet Sauvignon.




Chou (F) Kohl (G) Cavolo (I) Col (S)

Cabbage is a mercaptan fault often found on unfiltered wines that have not been too hygienically made. Cooked cabbage is probably methional, which is responsible for most reductive faults, especially in white wines.

Methional, methionol, methanethiol, DES (dimethyl sulphide)



See Bell Pepper



Chou-fleur (F) Blumenkohl (G) Cavolfiore (I) Coliflor (S)

A stronger smelling mercaptan fault than cabbage. The cooked cauliflower odour comes from acrolein and is the result of bacterial spoilage.

Acrolein, 2-methylthio-ethanol



Céleri (F) Sellerie (G) Sedano (I) Apio (S)

A curiosity whenever it is found.



Corn On The Cob

épi de maďs (F) Maiskolben (G) Pannocchia di granturco (I) Mazorca de maíz (S)

A corn-on-the-cob verging on asparagus character is a fixed-sulphur fault.

DMS (dimethylsulphide)



Concombre (F) Gurke (G) Cetriolo (I) Pepino (S)

Less ripe version of melon.




Ail (F) Knoblauch (G) Aglio (I) Ajo (S)

This aroma can develop from an exaggerated blackcurrant aroma that is also a fixed-sulphur or mercaptan fault.

DES (diethylsulphide), DEDS (diethyl-disulphide), ethanethiol, thiophene


Garlic Taste

Ailliacé (F) Knoblauchge-schmack (G) Sapore di aglio (I) Con sabor a ajo (S)

When taste as well as or rather than aroma, the fault is definitely mercaptan.



Green Pepper

See Bell Pepper



Champignon (F) Champignon (G) Funghi (I) Champińón (S)

Should the mushroom aroma be fresh and savoury in a mature Champagne, it is an acceptable ageing characteristic, but if it is dry and musty, then it will be TCA. In a botrytised wine, a mushroom character may be due to unusually high level of 3-octenol.

TCA (2,4,6-trichloroanisole), 3-octenol



Oignon (F) Zwiebel (G) Cipolla (I) s-ethylacetothioate Cebolla (S) A fixed-sulphur or mercaptan fault. Various possibilities, but DMDS if intense and if burnt.

DES (diethylsulphide), DMDS (dimethyldisulphide), ethanethiol, s-ethylacetothioate



Petit pois (F) Erbse (G) Piselli (I) Guisante (S)

The fresh, green pea aroma found in Sauvignon Blanc is closer to broadbean than it is to tinned peas or asparagus, but it will go that way with bottle-age.




Pomme de terre (F) Kartoffel (G) Patate (I) Patata (S)

The aroma and/or taste of potato peelings is usually blamed incorrectly on TCA, but is usually geosmin (which is responsible for the earthy taste of beetroot) or a pyrazine. Cooked potato is a fixed-sulphur fault.

Geosmin, 2,5-dimethylpyrazine, methional 3-methyl-1-propanol



Choucroute (F) Sauerkraut (G) Crauti (I) Chucrut (S)

Lactic smell from excessive malolactic.

Lactic acid


Sweet Pepper

See Bell Pepper



Truffe (F) Tartufo (I) Trüffel (G) Trufa (S)

Is it part of the complexity of a fine wine or a sulphur fault?

Dimethyl sulphide



Végétal (F) Vegetal (G) Vegetale (I) Vegetal (S)

Although this doesn't sound very attractive in a wine, a vegetal character can be either positive or negative.



Herbal, Herbaceous, Resinous & Spicy



Anis (F) Anis (G) Anice (I) Anís (S)

This spicy-herbal aroma can be found in wines of almost any style.




Basilic (F) Basilikum (G) Basilico (I) Albahaca (S)

Often found in wines from Provence, Spain and Italy.


Black Pepper

Poivre noir (F) Schwarzer Pfeffer (G) Pepe nero (I) Pimienta negra (S)

Classic Syrah. Probably a pyrazine character plumped-up by grape ripeness. Various pyrazines?

See also White Pepper


Black Currant Leaf

See Currant Leaf



Camphre (F) Kampfer (G) Canfora (I) Alcanfor (S)

Prematurely aged reds.




Ciboulette (F) Schnittlauch (G) Erbe cipollina (I) Cebolleta (S)

A mercaptan fault.




Cannelle (F) Zimt (G) Cannella (I) Canela (S)

Cinnamon notes can be found in both red (particularly Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon) and white (Gewürztraminer, French Sauvignon Blanc) wines.




Girofle (F) Nelke (G) Garfano (I) Clavo (S)

Often part of the spicy complexity imparted by toasted oak. Eugenol is found in cloves.

Eugenol, 4-vinylguaiacol


Currant Leaf

Feuille de groseille (F) Johannisbeer-blatt (G) Foglia del ribes (I) Hoja de la grosella (S)

High-vigour and/or underripeness, especially Cabernet Sauvignon, Sauvignon Blanc and Sémillon.

Mercaptopentan-2-one, various pyrazines



Eucalyptus (F) Eukalyptus (G) Eucalyptus (I) Eucalipto (S)

Supposedly found on Australian reds from grapes grown within the immediate vicinity of eucalyptus trees, but can be found on many New World reds, particularly California Cabernets.




Fenouil (F) Fenchel (G) Finocchio (I) Hinojo (S)

Found in many reds and whites. Anethole



Pain d'épice (F) Lebkuchen (G) Pan di zenzero (I) Pan de jengibre (S)

Classic bottle-aged aroma of Gewürztraminer.



Herbeux (F) Grasig (G) Erbosa (I) Herbosa (S)

Combination of ripeness and a certain vigour in Sauvignon Blanc, Colombard etc.

Hexanedienol, cis-hexenal, various pyrazines



Herbacé (F) Krautig (G) Erbaceo (I) Herbáceo (S)

Overt herbaceousness is a sign of underripeness or an over-vigorous canopy, although an understated herbaceousness can add an attractive dimension to some wines (Sauvignon Blanc, Colombard, Petit/Gros Manseng, Cabernet Sauvignon/Franc etc).

Various pyrazines






Menthe (F) Minze (G) Menta (I) Menta (S)

Many New World reds, particularly Napa Cabernet Sauvignon.




Menthe poivrée (F) Pfefferminze (G) Menta piperita (I) Hierbabuena (S)

Stronger, hotter version of mint, peppermint is less common, but can be found in some Australian Shiraz.

Menthone, menthol, menthyl acetate



See specifically Black Pepper, Peppery-Herbaceous, White Pepper


Peppery Herbaceous

Poivré-herbacé (F) Pfefferig-krautig (G) Pepato-erbaceo (I) Pimienta-herbácea (S)

A less severe form of stalky, this characteristic can be found in some whole-bunch fermented reds such as Pinot Noir and even Champagne.

Hexanol, hexenals, various pyrazines



Pin (F) Kiefer (G) Pino (I) Pino (S)

Pine resin added to Retsina.

a-pinene, a-terpineol, terpinolene



Menthe verte (F) Grüne Minze (G) Menta verde (I) Menta verde (S)

New World reds.

l-carvone; carvacrol



Epicé (F) Würzig (G) Piccante (I) Picante (S)

Although a generic term, spicy is a very specific wine characteristic that is intensified by bottle-age, while tannins from the skins give the spice its hot, tactile impression on the finish. Principally Gewürztraminer, but also Pinot Gris. Eugenol is found in bay leaves, cloves and allspice.

Cinnamaldehyde, eugenol, 4-vinyl guaiacol, anethole, methyl salicylate, hexenals, various pyrazines and terpenes.




Goűt de rafle (F) Kammig (G) Sapore di picciolo (I) Entallecido (S)

A green, tannic-herbaceous dryness that can sometimes be mistaken for TCA.

Hexanol, hexenals



See Stalky



Estragon (F) Estragon (G) Estragone (I) Estragón (S)

Certain Provence wines.


Tomato Leaf

Feuille de tomate (F) Tomatenblatt (G) Foglia del pomodoro (I) Hoja del tomate (S)

The distinctive aroma of deliberately oxidised Sauvignon Blanc juice prior to fermentation



White Pepper

Poivre blanc (F) Weißer Pfeffer (G) Pepe bianco (I) Pimienta blanca (S)

The powdery-dry taste perception of white pepper is most famously found in top Grüner Veltliner from Austria's Wachau.


A Reference Book on Fragrances ©


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